Dr. Mona Mahmoudia, a cardiologist at Adam Vital Hospital Dubai, answers that in about 73% of people with type 2 diabetes, heart disease is the cause of death.
Regarding the most important preventive measures for a diabetic patient from cardiovascular disease, Dr. Mona stressed the need to reduce the intake of foods rich in saturated fats, salt, cholesterol, and trans fats that are found in fried foods, meat and eggs, and that the patient should enrich his table with foods rich in fiber such as vegetables, fruits and whole grains.
And she continued: “It is necessary to maintain an appropriate weight, as reducing weight for diabetics is one of the main auxiliary factors, because it reduces blood sugar levels, reduces high blood pressure, and maintains physical activity for 30 minutes a day, whether continuous or divided into two parts. throughout the day, for five days a week, as this helps diabetics a lot, and reduces the risk of heart disease, according to the American Heart Association, which also recommended constant movement, and not sitting for long periods of more than half an hour without movement, which would maintain Normal levels of sugar in the blood. She stressed the importance of controlling cholesterol, and maintaining its normal levels in the blood, which can only be obtained through a balanced and healthy diet, and the level of bad cholesterol – LDL – should not exceed 100 mg per deciliter of blood, and good cholesterol – HDL – should To exceed 50 milligrams per deciliter of blood, and to maintain normal blood pressure levels, where the blood pressure should not rise above 130-80 millimeters of mercury on a home sphygmomanometer.