In the midst of the economic crisis unleashed by the covid-19 pandemic and the challenges that this represents for many Colombians, some choose to seek job opportunities abroad. However, legal barriers such as the application for visas or specific permits to hold different positions can hinder this option.
(A town in Spain offers a house and a job to those who manage its bar)
The truth is Colombia has migratory cooperation mechanisms that allow citizens to migrate to certain countries, not only for their free movement, but also give them the possibility of working legally and hold different positions with a view to a temporary or permanent settlement.
(Are you looking for a job? This is how you can apply to job offers in Canada)
Recently, a sealed free movement, residence and work agreement between Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. This implies that the citizens of these countries can reside, work and move freely through the four territories, according to the so-called “decision 878” promoted by the Andean Community of Nations, which establishes the Andean Migratory Statute.
The so-called “decision 878”, promoted by the CAN, opens the door to the integration of the 111 million inhabitants of the regional space, according to the secretary general of the Andean Community of Nations (CAN), Jorge Hernando Pedraza.
(This is how the new visa that the United Kingdom will grant to recent graduates works)
How does the new regulation work?
The new regulation has three main keys: circulation, temporary residence and permanent residence.
Regarding circulation, CAN citizens will be able to enter as tourists -for a period of 90 days, extendable for an equal period- to the member countries only by presenting a valid and current national identification document.
Within a period of 36 months, the CAN countries must set up special migratory windows for the transit of their citizens.
If what you are interested in is temporary residence in another CAN member country, you can apply for temporary residence at the consulate of the country of destination or directly in the host country, regardless of their migratory status. The term of temporary residence is two years, extendable for another two years.
With this residence, they will be able to enter, leave, circulate and remain freely in their country of immigration, after completing the established formalities.
They may also carry out any activity on their own account or on behalf of others, under the same conditions as nationals of the receiving country.
The requirements to access residency are: a valid travel document valid for six months, a current criminal record certificate, having paid the corresponding administrative fees and formally requesting it.
To apply for permanent residence, CAN citizens must do so 90 days before the expiration of their temporary residence. Once obtained, residency will be indefinite.
To the documents provided to acquire the temporary residence, they must add an accreditation of the lawful livelihoods that allow their subsistence and that of their family group, if applicable.
Permanent residence enables you to carry out any professional activity, on your own or as an employee, under equal conditions as nationals of the receiving country. They shall also enjoy the same civil, social, cultural and economic rights and freedoms.
Other countries that provide work facilities for Colombians
Argentina does not establish restrictions or quotas on the employment of foreignersas long as they comply with the regulations established on immigration matters, that is, they have a valid residence permit.
A worker can carry out his activity under two modalities: in a dependency relationship or on his own account.
To start their work activity, any foreigner must apply to the National Social Security Administration (ANSeS) for a CUIL number (Unique Labor Identification Code). It should be noted that it is a simple process and that even if you do not have a foreigner’s identity card, you can obtain a provisional CUIL with the corresponding certificate issued by the National Directorate of Migration.
On the other hand, anyone who wishes to start a work activity autonomously or on their own must apply to the Federal Administration of Public Revenues (AFIP) for a CUIT (Unique Tax Identification Key). In addition, to carry out procedures and use different services of the Agency, you must manage a Fiscal Code.
The Mercosur nationals who obtain residence in another State Party are entitled to work under equal conditions as nationals of the country where you have obtained residence, and must comply with the specific regulations established by labor legislation.
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay are the States Parties. Venezuela is suspended, while Bolivia is in the accession process. However, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Suriname are Associated States, for which they have guarantees in this regard.
The Mercosur Agreements make it possible to unify the contributions and contributions made to the Social Security of migrant workers for the purpose of obtaining pension benefits.
In other news
#countries #work #Colombian