The Russian invasion of Ukraine caused the number of forcibly displaced people to exceed the threshold of 100 million people worldwide for the first timeThe United Nations reported this Monday.
(You might be interested in: Ukraine: more than six million refugees from the war, according to the UN)
“The number of people forced to flee conflict, violence, human rights abuses and persecution surpassed the staggering 100 million mark for the first time, fueled by the war in Ukraine and other deadly conflicts.” said UNHCR, the UN refugee agency.
(You might be interested in: The general sorrow in Afghanistan: the double standards in the reception of refugees)
“The figure of 100 million is alarming, worrying and sobering. It is a figure that should never have been reached,” said the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi.
The number must shake the world to end conflictsUNHCR said in a statement.
According to the agency, by the end of 2021 there were nearly 90 million displaced people, mainly as a result of violence in Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Burma, Nigeria, Afghanistan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
In the case of Ukraine, invaded by Russian troops on February 24, more than 8 million people had to flee to other areas of the country.
Besides, more than six million refugees crossed the borders. Before the conflict, Ukraine had 37 million inhabitants in the territories controlled by kyiv, which excludes the Crimean peninsula, annexed by Russia in 2014, and the eastern areas controlled by pro-Russian separatists.
‘Unprecedented human suffering’
To contextualize the figure of 100 million released this Monday, UNHCR points out that it represents more than 1% of the world’s population and that only 13 countries have a population greater than this number.
The data includes refugees, asylum seekers and more than 50 million internally displaced persons.
“To reverse this trend, the only answer is peace and stability, so that innocent people are not forced to choose between danger at home or precarious flight and exile,” Grandi said.
UNHCR will provide full data on forced displacement in 2021 in its annual report on June 16.
More than two years after the start of the covid-19 pandemic, at least 20 countries continue to deny access to asylum to people fleeing conflict, violence and persecution, using measures taken to fight the virus as an excuse .
On Friday, Grandi asked them to lift these types of restrictions, which contravene a fundamental human right.
A report by two NGOs, published on May 19, counted nearly 60 million internally displaced persons in the world in 2021, many of them as a result of natural disasters.
“We are witnessing an unprecedented pandemic of human suffering”, observed the general secretary of the Norwegian Refugee Council, Jan Egeland, who denounced the lack of action of political leaders who “betray the world’s most disadvantaged at a level never seen before”. seen”.
Egeland warned that the international aid system is overwhelmed and it will not be able to respond “without additional resources” to the needs of 100 million people.
*With information from AFP
More world news:
-EE US will defend Taiwan in case of attack, says Joe Biden
-Life sentence for the first Russian soldier tried in Ukraine
-Juan Carlos I is reunited in Madrid with his son after almost two years
#million #forcibly #displaced #people #world