While President Alberto Fernández and the Head of Government of the City Horacio Rodríguez Larreta decide in the Supreme Court the need to close or open the schools in the AMBA, the social organizations that are part of the national Government, revealed the quality and impact of the distance classes in 2020 in the 4400 villas and popular neighborhoods across the country, home to 4 million people.
The result is lapidary: reveals that the 18.3 percent of the participants they don’t have connectivity of any kind. 44.3 percent stated that I studied less than before the pandemic.
The study carried out in March on a universe of 16,235 cases in 14 provinces – much larger than the most exhaustive surveys that politics consumes – it is practically an educational census. It is the result of the campaign of the social movements nucleated in the UTEP, which anticipated Clarion in january.
Did you keep in touch with the school during the isolation? Source: UTEP / Universidad Popular Barrios de Pie
They largely explain why, as the now-silent Minister of Education says Nicolas Trotta, prefers to speak of “distance education”. WhatsApp, by far, was the main technological tool with which the students kept in contact with the teachers. 76.8 percent of those surveyed used the messaging system.
Only 14.1 percent of families Respondents used video calling programs such as Zoom and Google Meet. Meanwhile, the use of educational platforms -blogs, padlet and those developed by Education, such as the Juana Manso Federal Plan- is very limited. Only 4.8 percent of the surveyed students used them. Only 4.3 percent of those surveyed were contacted through social networks (Facebook, Instagram).
Study perception during isolation. Source: UTEP / Universidad Popular Barrios de Pie
According to the technicians of the social organizations that participated in the survey, the numbers are explained by the scarce availability of technological devices (such as desktop computers, laptops, tablets or cell phones).
66 percent of those surveyed stated that they only had a single device at home that they shared with the rest of the cohabitants. 13.5 percent do not have any technological device at home.
Performing tasks during isolation. Source: UTEP / Universidad Popular Barrios de Pie
Connectivity is one of the aspects that make the lack of presence more complex. 44.4 percent of the surveyed families connected through mobile data. Only a third, 18.3 percent, had Wi-Fi service although they experienced connectivity problems. 18.3% of households do not directly have an internet connection of any kind.
Connectivity problems meant that in 56 percent of the homes, the students could not fulfill the assigned tasks. Only 24.7 percent were able to complete some of the assignments submitted, while 55 percent needed outside help from the school to be able to do them. Only 6 percent of the total did all the tasks. Only 56.4 percent received homework every day.
Less surprising, it was also that care and support tasks fell overwhelmingly in the household women. In the 63.3 percent of the cases, the mothers they were in charge of collaborating with the students’ homework. 15.7 of the times, the accompaniment was shared and 8.8 of the times it fell to a sibling. 6.3 percent of the time it fell to another relative, such as uncles and grandparents. Only 5.9 percent of parents they collaborated with their children’s learning.
Social movements consider vital the development of school support spaces in the neighborhoods, many of which are in their charge. In the survey, 55.4 indicated that they would require external help.
Internet access in the homes of the popular neighborhoods. Source: UTEP / Universidad Popular Barrios de Pie
The social organizations that are part of the Frente de Todos publicly pressured to suspend face-to-face classes due to the rise in infections. The Undersecretary of Social Economy Daniel Menendez, from Standing Neighborhoods, was expressed in that sense. However, they intend that the survey of what happened last year serves to draw up an official strategy that takes into account the most neglected sectors. It has already been presented to officials of the Ministry of Education and Casa Rosada.
Electronic devices in homes Source: UTEP / Universidad Popular Barrios de Pie
Among the 14,681 households with school-age children (out of the total of 16,235 cases surveyed in the universe of the survey), 2,115 belong to the initial system; 7759, to the primary system; and 4452, to the secondary. The majority (6317, 44.3 percent) consider that with the “distance” modality studied less than before the pandemic. 29.2 percent (4207) answered that they studied the same as in 2019 and only 25.2 percent (3682) warned that they studied more from home than in face-to-face classes.
Mothers first. Who accompanied them in school assignments? Source: UTEP / Universidad Popular Barrios de Pie
To solve the problems of connectivity in popular neighborhoods The organizations ask for a better articulation of the existing policies between the Ministry of Social Development and Enacom. They are also working on a bill in Congress so that a part of the profits of the telephone companies are re-invested in the settlements. The census constitutes a theoretical input in this direction.
Meanwhile, the Ministry of Education recognizes that in 2020 about a million students “they lost contact ”with their schools, according to the evaluation of pedagogical continuity. The ministry now allocates $ 18 billion for the manufacture of 600,000 personal computers.
#Xray #virtual #classes #villas #lot #WhatsApp #Zoom #computers #study