One of the most important national holidays in Argentina is commemorated every July 9, recalling what happened that day in 1816, in the session of the Congress of Tucumán, when the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata proclaimed their political independence from the Spanish monarchy and renounced any other foreign domination.
The independence movement developed after May 1810, at which point discussions began on when and how Independence would be declared. In those years the members of the Junta Grande did not reach an agreement and the decision was postponed until 1816. On the 9th In July, in Tucumán, about thirty deputies met in Congress to declare independence.
Three books to better understand what happened at that time.
1. 1816. The true plot of independence
Gabriel Di Meglio
In this work, the historian Gabriel Di Meglio, Also director of the National Historical Museum, he deals not only with that decisive event, but also runs through the multiple threads intertwined in the complex plot of that dramatic year, attending to the political, social, economic, military and cultural processes in the wide geography of the former viceroyalty and how the different groups in society lived them.
With the contribution of his own research and that of many other historians, and a rich documentation from the most varied sources, the author narrates and analyzes the struggles, efforts, projects, agreements and confrontations of men and women who starred in and witnessed that founding moment. . Thus, this book transmits “the story of a fierce year, that of independence, that of the emergence of something new.”
“1816. The true plot of independence”, by Gabriel Di Meglio (Planet, ebook $ 700).
2. The games of politics
“A question flew over the political and diplomatic groups after the fall of the Napoleonic empire: will Spain ally itself with the Portuguese monarchy, installed in Brazil since 1808, in a crusade to restore the old order in America?”
This book tells the political, diplomatic and military alternatives of the first emancipatory attempts in Latin America, in tension with what is known as the first European Restoration.
The historian Marcela ternavasio He is a specialist in this period and relives in this book the independence years between 1814 and 1820: how were the decisions that led to independence taken at that time? What were the options?
It deals with the backroom of secret negotiations between official, unofficial or upstart agents on either side of the Atlantic, as well as the military expeditions that finally deviate their course, revealing how the revolution is diplomatized in a web of interests, failed hypotheses and ephemeral alliances that they had the fragile revolutionary governments in suspense.
“The games of politics”, by Marcela Ternavasio (Siglo XXI, $ 1,299).
3. Independence! July 9, 1816
Ariel Sevilla with illustrations by Paio Zuloaga
An approach to Independence for the little ones. Here, Melina, Santi and Nico want to put music to the Act of the Declaration of Independence: the three young people propose to celebrate at full volume, with a super concert, the commemoration of July 9, 1816.
To get inspired, they travel to Tucumán, where by the hand of Memo Test and Perla Cotilleo they will understand how the country cut the colonial link with Spain, exploring the city of San Miguel. Thus, they will be surprised by anecdotes of the Congress of 1816, they will know the house of Mrs. Francisca Bazán de Laguna, the backdrops of the days before July 9 and those who fought so that the people could shout “Freedom, freedom, freedom!”
“Independence! July 9, 1816”, by Ariel Sevilla, with illustrations by Paio Zuloaga (Quipu, $ 799).