Mexico City / 08.25.2021 21:11:39
Five days before the start of the 2021-2022 school year, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) I consider that Mexico can no longer remain in school confinement because it has strengths that other countries do not have as a guaranteeing legal framework and an important teaching force, and made a series of recommendations to open the campuses.
The specialized agency of the United Nations He warned that our country cannot continue to be part of the 19 nations of the world where schools are closed, since it has institutional capacities and a basic infrastructure that, although it is not the most suitable in all contexts, making adjustments and investing resources where it is most needed, it does allow to have safe work scenarios in the immediate and medium term.
“We must consider that Mexico is one of the nine most populated countries on the planet and its educational system is the fifth largest in the world, so any decision on how to face the crisis is complex; however, it would not have to be part of the 19 nations that continue to be in school confinement, “he said in a statement about the return to face-to-face classes released today.
Given this, he put to the consideration of the Secretariat of Public Education (SEP) and from the State Secretariats of Education, a guide of five actions drawn from the Organization’s global experience:
- Work with the recommended attendance capacity according to the official traffic lights. He recommended providing reliable information to the authorities of the schools and making decisions focused on the entity, region, school zone, educational level, modality and type of service.
- Intensively promote concrete hygiene, sanitation and safety measures, such as hand washing with soap and water, the use of disinfectant gel, the correct use of masks (preferably reusable and three-layer), the implementation of safety strategies for the use of bathrooms, among others. In this regard, it recommended carrying out a national information campaign taking advantage of all the electronic and digital means available.
- Do a regular school risk assessment, in which the symptoms among students are identified in a timely manner and in the presence of signs of contagion, carry out tests that allow locating where the main risks to mitigate exist. For this, he said, it will be necessary to strengthen support between local, state and federal authorities and expand support from the health, security and civil society sectors.
- Accelerate and increase the preparation of educational personnel and families in education in emergency situations, such as hygiene protocols, distancing, ventilation, early detection of cases, socio-emotional assistance and action in the face of various possible scenarios. He added that although the School Technical Councils are working on these issues, two weeks of the course will be insufficient to be well prepared for the challenges that lie ahead.
- Promote actions to serve the most vulnerable groups, how are children and adolescents with disabilities, those belonging to ethnic minorities, the poorest in urban and rural regions, migrants, refugees and asylum seekers, those living in conflict zones or those who have suffered violence or abuse at home.
For this type of population recommended building resilience to losses, generate strategies to recover learning and eliminate economic barriers to attract the sons and daughters of families that face greater deficiencies to school; in this regard, recommended eliminate school fees, make the use of uniforms more flexible, provide educational and safety supplies and materials (face masks), and lastly, increase and sustain government funding for the education of vulnerable populations.