The Mexico offices of the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNODH), the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) expressed their concern about the implications of the application of the rule called Title 42, whereby the government of United States restricts access to its territory to foreigners for public health reasons.
According to the agencies of the United Nations (UN), the application of this norm has placed thousands of Mexican, Central American and other nationalities in a critical situation. These people are expelled from United States, without going through a mechanism for identifying protection needs or health protocols, and without having access to the asylum system in that country, finding themselves in a legal limbo in the northern border of Mexico.
In addition to the returns at the border, the agencies reported that since the previous week they began flights from United States to southern Mexico with people expelled under Title 42. This new measure was classified by the authorities as an action that places migrants and asylum seekers in a situation of greater vulnerability and at risk of having their right to non-refoulement violated.
In this sense, the United Nations Agencies recognize that the reality of the human mobility In the region it is complex and that, in the case of Mexico, it is necessary to attend to mixed migratory movements, which include people with different needs, ages and profiles, such as people in an irregular migratory situation, people in need of international protection, stateless people, women and LGBTI + people, the disabled, victims of gender violence, sexual violence, trafficking and other crimes, as well as unaccompanied children and adolescents.
In this regard, they detailed that with 12 thousand 807 new asylum applications only in the month of July, more than 70 percent in Chiapas, the trend in Mexico of large-scale arrivals has been maintained since 2018.
“This situation represents a huge challenge for Mexico, whose response requires additional interventions to the international protection and asylum system. Similarly, the arrival of thousands of migrants in transit, who are returned or who have chosen Mexico as their destination country, requires public policies focused on the particular needs of migrants and refugees and generating alternatives for regularization and integration. viable, dignified and safe ”, expressed the five agencies.
Finally, they recalled that people in a situation of mobility have specific needs and face particular challenges that must be considered in protection measures, for example, women, girls and adolescents are exposed to being victims of gender violence, including sexual violence and enforced disappearance for the purposes of trafficking and sexual exploitation.