“If we silver winter greens, or high quality silage and forage reserves, it is appropriate to consider that we are in a framework aimed at price control, with the addition of the tax variable that explains at least 30% of the costss “. With those words, Ing. Agr. Pablo Cattani, advisor and founder of the Espacio forajero consultancy, puts in context the environment in which the meat and milk producer plans the preparation of preserved forages for the next few months.
“In other words, if we review the price of a kilogram of meat in the butcher shop, we will see that 30% corresponds to taxes, and more also. In such a way that, it can be thought that price control will fall on the producer, who will therefore see a reduction in his profit margin, “he added.
That is why they are looking for strategies to produce volume and quality of forages that somehow compensate for this loss of profitability.
What to do with winter greens
Ing. Agr. Pablo Cattani
If you look at the winter greens, which on the other hand have already been sown, and we compare them with each other, a ranking can be established, ordering them by their grain-plant relationship. In this way it can be located in the barley first, then wheat and rye, and finally oats for silage.
“Taking into account that ranking, I would not do a winter green silage thinking of having quality fiber and high protein content. Instead I would put the effort into making direct cut and mince with these verdeos, “he said.
This idea is based on the fact that, if you plan to extract the maximum possible protein from a winter greening by making a silo, I have to think about cutting that forage and then passing a mincer with a harvesting head. Maybe in the middle a raked. That is, there are three passes through the same batch.
Instead, direct chopping and chopping offers a lower cost with a good production in quantity and quality of forage, but done at a time from pasty to hard grain, to take advantage of the energy of the crop and not so much the protein.
“This approach is possible, considering that the activity takes place in an environment where it is possible to have residues from the industrialization of soybeans, or from alfalfa crops that more than double the amount of protein that a winter crop can have “, he pointed.
“Then I would turn to those protein sources and I would look for the greenness, the volume, the effective fiber and a high availability of energy at the rumen level. In other words, I would take advantage of the energy that this type of grain gives me in my diet, working with a direct chopping and cutting head, “he added.
So with pasty grain and well filled, you can go through the crop only once with a single machine that collects and chops. With this operation, there will be effective fiber that, although it will not be of very good quality, the digestibility of that forage will be accompanied by high availability of energy at the rumen level offered by the grain of this type of winter cereals.
Planning summer crops
With sorghum one of the keys is to tune the balance point between dry matter and energy and another key is to achieve an optimal win match, for which the market has the appropriate breaker rollers.
The broken grain baggers have interesting developments in their rollers to work with different crops.
“Today we live with a marked uncertainty, in the face of a rather uncertain livestock plan, and of which what appears to be not very good, that is to say that it would point to productivity by lowering costs, although they say that they seek to increase the amount of tons produced, the measures they are taking are far from encouraging, “he said.
So what is proposed with cutting, mincing and direct feeding is to lower the cost of diets without sacrificing volume or quality, especially if you are thinking about meat animals.
The agronomic and technical process may be a bit complicated, but it will be harvested a volume and energy with that type of forage, which will provide a good amount of digestibility.
With regard to winter cereals with a diesel of $ 100 per liter (or more at the time of the bite), it is not very attractive to pass the farm three times when I can do it in one go. Therefore it would not cut, rake, and then lift.
“With direct cutting and mincing, I would achieve a good medium quality with a very energy content in the grain that would give me a high consumption rate and energy availability at the rumen level with the strategy of chopping in pasty grain and not in flag leaf, the winter crops “, he sentenced
“Let’s not forget that the short term for livestock is two years, and in reality there are few expectations that the panorama will be recalculated for the better. Thus, faced with a price crushed beyond costs, it is convenient to anticipate avoiding expensive diets ” Cattani synthesized to finish.