O Today is the day The week of November 14th to 20th begins remembering the 100th anniversary of Princess Isabel’s death on November 14th. On the 15th, Brazil celebrates 132 years of the Republic, a date that is a national holiday.
In the field of human rights, we have important milestones such as the International Day for Tolerance, the National Day of Zombie and Black Consciousness. The week also has World Diabetes Day, National Umbanda Day and International World Heritage Day.
100 years ago, on November 14, Princess Isabel died. Daughter of Emperor Dom Pedro II and Empress Tereza Cristina, Isabel became the heir to the Brazilian throne after her older brother’s premature death. The princess became the ruler of the Empire on three occasions, always during Dom Pedro II’s travels to Europe, and during this period signed the Law of the Free Womb, that set the children of slaves free, and the Golden Law which abolished slavery in Brazil.
The law has only two articles, which were quickly approved, as the proposal was considered urgent and a national desire of the senators at the time. In 2019, the program Brazil Magazine, gives Brazil Communication Company (EBC), interviewed the princess’s great-great-grandson about the 131 years of the Golden Law. In addition, in 2018, the History Today remembered the 97 years of death of princess regent.
the birth of the republic
THE Proclamation of the Republic it took place a year and a half after the abolition of slavery. On November 15, 1889, Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca left his home in the center of Rio de Janeiro, close to Central do Brasil, to proclaim the Republic accompanied by a troop of about a thousand soldiers.
Today is the Day: Proclamation of the Republic/Infographic, by Arte/Agência Brasil
the TV news Reporter Brazil in 2019 he made a series of reports on this historic achievement, recalling the 130 years of the Proclamation at the time.
In the first report, the Reporter Brazil showed that dissatisfaction with imperial policy and the establishment of new working relationships, from the end of slavery, formed the scenario that led to the birth of the Republic.
The role of the Army and of names such as Marshal Deodoro was the subject of the second report in the series shown in TV Brazil.
The last report in the series recalls the challenges that the new system of government faced in its early years. A period marked by political and social exclusion, revolts and the search for the right to vote.
The International Day for Tolerance is celebrated on the 16th. The international commemoration was instituted by the United Nations (UN) and aims to mark the date of constitution of The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( Unesco), which took place on November 16, 1945, and the date of the proclamation of the Declaration of Principles on Tolerance, which was signed by 185 countries in the city of Paris with the intention of saving successive generations of wars over cultural issues, starting from the practice of tolerance and peaceful coexistence between neighboring peoples. In 2018, an article from the Reporter Brazil broached the topic.
International World Heritage Day is also celebrated on November 16th. The international commemoration, promoted by UNESCO, was created after the adoption of the Paris Convention, in which the foundations for the protection of the cultural and natural heritage of humanity were laid. In 2017, the Reporter Maranhão spoke about the date and recalled that the city of São Luís (MA) was considered a World Heritage Site in 1997.
Today is the Day: Palácio dos Leões is the government building of the Brazilian state of Maranhão. Located in the historic center of the city of São Luís – Google Maps
On November 20th, the National Zombie and Black Consciousness Day is celebrated. The date
The National Day of Black Consciousness is celebrated on November 20, the date of Zumbi dos Palmares’ death. He was the last leader of the Quilombo dos Palmares, the largest in the colonial period.
Celebrated for over 30 years by activists of the black movement, the date was included in 2003 in the national school calendar and in 2011 the National Day of Zombie and Black Consciousness was officially created, established by Law No. 12,519 of November 10, 2011.
In 2018, the EBC interviewed the National Radio Network with the then National Secretary for Policies for the Promotion of Racial Equality, Juvenal Araújo.
In 2017, the program moment three, gives National Radio, I brought one musical selection in honor of the date.
* With production by Simone Magalhães.
Check out the weekly Today is Day list with dates, historical facts and holidays:
November 14-20, 2021
Death of German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (190 years old)
Birth of guitar player, composer, singer, actor and instrumentalist from Mato Grosso do Sul Almir Sater (65 years old)
Birth of singer, composer and pianist from Rio de Janeiro Dick Farney (100 years old) – one of the forerunners of Bossa Nova
Death of Princess Isabel de Bragança (100 years old) – Princess Imperial of Brazil, known as The Redeemer
World Diabetes Day – the day was chosen to mark the birthday of Frederick Banting who, together with Charles Best, conceived the idea that led to the discovery of insulin in 1921
Birth of singer, guitarist and composer Celso Fonseca (65 years old)
Intel launches the world’s first microprocessor (50 years)
Republic Proclamation Day – celebrated by Brazilians, pursuant to Law No. 662 of April 6, 1949, ratified by Law No. 10.607 of December 19, 2002, to mark the date of the promulgation of Decree 1 of November 15, 1889, which was signed by the then Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca
National Umbanda Day – commemoration instituted by Law No. 12,644 of May 16, 2012, and which was initially instituted by the National Deliberative Council of Umbanda; Its purpose is to mark the date of the 1st manifestation of Caboclo das Sete Encruzilhadas, who incorporated on November 15, 1908 in the then young Brazilian medium, Zélio Fernandino de Moraes
International Day for Tolerance – international commemoration that was instituted by the UN in its resolution A RES / 51/95 of December 12, 1996; its purpose is to mark the date of the constitution of UNESCO, which took place on November 16, 1945, and the date of the proclamation of the Declaration of Principles on Tolerance, which was signed by 185 countries in the city of Paris with the intention of successive saving generations of wars over cultural issues, from the practice of tolerance and peaceful coexistence between neighboring peoples
International World Heritage Day – international commemoration, which has been promoted by UNESCO; its purpose is to mark the date of adoption of the Paris Convention, from which the foundations for the protection of the cultural and natural heritage of humanity were laid
National Day of the Blue Amazon – commemoration in Brazil, which was established by Law No. 13,187 of November 11, 2015.; is intended to mark the date of entry into force of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which enshrines the concepts of Territorial Sea, Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf, enabling the delimitation of maritime spaces under Brazilian jurisdiction, which will total approximately 4.5 million km² area that the Brazilian Navy agreed to call the Blue Amazon
Former governor of Rio de Janeiro, Anthony Garotinho, is arrested by the Federal Police, in Operation Chequinho (age 05)
Launch of the Estúdio F program, aired on Rádio Nacional AM RJ (15 years old)
Birth of the Italian-Brazilian pharmacist, physician and humanist Alfredo Balena (140 years old) – he was one of the most important founders of the Faculty of Medicine of the Federal University of Minas Gerais
Birth of journalist, columnist and novelist from Rio de Janeiro Manuel Antônio de Almeida (190 years old)
Former governor of Rio de Janeiro, Sérgio Cabral Filho, is arrested by the Federal Police, in the 37th phase of Operation Lava Jato
National Day to Combat Tuberculosis
Creation of the Brazilian Tourism Company – EMBRATUR (55 years old)
National Guardianship Counselor Day – commemoration instituted by Law No. 11,622 of December 19, 2007; finally, it sets the date of the 1st National Congress of Guardianship Counselors of Brazil; guardianship counselor is one of the 5 members elected by the community from each of the municipalities and administrative regions of the Federal District of Brazil for the respective Guardianship Council, an integral body of the local public administration provided for in Federal Law, to monitor children and adolescents and decide together on which protection measure for each case.
International Philosophy Day – mobile commemoration (3rd Thursday in November) instituted by UNESCO since 2002
Flag Day – commemoration of the institution of the republican national flag, in the year 1889
World Toilet Day – commemoration promoted since 2001 by the World Toilets Organization aiming to improve hygiene and sanitation services in the world, in addition to raising awareness about the importance of sanitary conditions in people’s quality of life, which is ratified by the 92nd session of the Assembly UN General
Cordelista National Day – marks the birth date of Leandro Gomes de Barros, poet of cordel literature
World Children’s Day – international commemoration, which was initially recommended by the 9th UN General Assembly in its Resolution A/RES/836 of December 14, 1954; finally, to mark the date of approval of the Declaration of Children’s Rights
National Zombie and Black Consciousness Day – commemoration of Brazil, which was established by Law No. 12,519 of November 10, 2011
Africa Industrialization Day – international commemoration, which was instituted by the UN in its resolution A/RES/44/237 of December 22, 1989
Part of the Elevado Paulo de Frontin collapses in Rio de Janeiro, killing 48 people (50 years old)
+ Creator of the first real estate fund in Brazil tells everything about the investment
+ Amazon driver fired after woman caught driving out of backyard
+ The 20 best-selling pickup trucks in 2021
+ Video: Globo’s helicopter crash lands and loses tail; pilot prays after landing
+ Scientists discover causes of Alzheimer’s progression in the brain
+ Chef playmate creates aphrodisiac recipe for Orgasm Day
+ Mercedes-Benz Sprinter wins motorhome version
+ Anorexia, an eating disorder that can lead to death
+ US agency warns: never wash raw chicken meat
+ Yasmin Brunet breaks the silence
+ Shark is captured in MA with the remains of youngsters missing in the stomach
+ See how much it costs to eat at the MasterChef judges’ restaurants
+ Auction of cars and motorcycles from Kombi to Nissan Frontier 0km
#Today #Day #Proclamation #Republic #Black #Consciousness #highlights #ISTOÉ #DINHEIRO