The 2021 All-Russian Population Census will be held in October 2021. Such a resolution was adopted by the government of the Russian Federation. Details – in the material “Izvestia”.
When will the census begin
Many of our fellow citizens are interested in the question: when begins All-Russian population census 2021? The timing order was recently adopted by the government of the Russian Federation. According to him, the census will be conducted from October 1 to October 31, 2021, but in remote areas of the country it will last until December 20. However, in places that can only be reached by helicopter or all-terrain vehicle, the All-Russian Population Census 2021 is already goes full swing – census takers visit residents of 2600 settlements in 24 regions of the Far North, Siberia and the Far East. In April, census takers will come to residents of Yakutia, Kamchatka and Khabarovsk Territories, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Chukotka and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug since April.
Rosstat will publish preliminary results of the all-Russian population census in April 2022, and we will find out the final results in the IV quarter of 2022. It is worth noting that Such a prompt processing of the data obtained during the census became possible thanks to modern technologies used in Russia today. In addition, in 2018, a pilot census was held, which made it possible to test the technologies and methods of the current census in the field.
How it used to be
Once upon a time, everything was much more complicated. So, The All-Russian Population Census in 1897 recorded a lot of important statistical data, which to this day help scientists both in historical research and in making forecasts for the future (taking into account, of course, the data of subsequent censuses). Thus, the population of the Russian Empire turned out to be equal to 125,680,682 people. The country turned out to be surprisingly young, even by the standards of the 19th century: the average age is 21.16 years. The sex ratio was fairly common: there were 101.05 women per 100 men. 39.5% of the inhabitants of the empire were married, while families were large – an average of 5.8 people. At the same time, 8.9% of the population of the European part of the Russian Empire could neither read nor write, and there were 2.2 times more illiterate women than men.
Important and telling about a lot of information, but it took a total of 8 years to process and publish it – 119 plump folios, compiled into 89 volumes! The data of the All-Russian Population Census were published from 1899 to 1905, and the processing of the collected census forms was carried out in the most advanced ways for their time. As the head of the development of the population census, Senator N. Troinitsky, explained, “the development of census data … is carried out … by means of calculating and tabulating electrical machines invented by Herman Hollerit. Through a series of passes through these machines of the cards of the population registered in the census, the Central Statistical Commission receives all the required calculations, both simple and complex, with the exception of Table I, which is compiled from local calculations and amended according to the more accurate results obtained from machine calculations. “
American Herman Gollerit’s tabulating machine used punch cards to perform calculations – just like real computers that appeared half a century later! Russia, which purchased Hollerit’s invention for the needs of the census, was in this respect at the forefront of progress.
What’s new expected this time
Of course, nowadays, information processing is carried out on powerful computers of Rosstat, which are capable of processing gigantic amounts of information in an extremely limited time. Actually, innovative solutions will be applied already at the stage of data collection by census takers, who will go to citizens’ homes not with their usual paper sheets, but with tablets. In addition, the all-Russian population census in 2021 will be the first digital census – citizens will be able to fill out virtual “sheets” through the State Services portal. The emphasis on the distance of the procedure is not accidental: it is for this calls on and the UN Statistical Commission. The experts of the international organization call for more active implementation of online systems and remote technologies, as well as encourage the self-completion of electronic or paper questionnaires by the census participants themselves.
In this regard, Russia once again sets an example to the world in conducting a population census on a scientific basis, taking into account the need to protect the health of citizens. It’s no secret that the coronavirus pandemic has forced many countries around the world – including ours – to postpone the 2020 census. 75% of these events were postponed for a year or more. The Russian Federation is among the first to demonstrate the capabilities of modern technologies in providing urgently needed statistical data.
At the same time, as the head of Rosstat assured Pavel Malkov, no new census costs due to its postponement will be required. “The overall budget is not changing. This is a little over 32 billion rubles for three years. The changes only concern the transfer of funds from 2020 to 2021. This is not additional funding. It’s just that all the money that they wanted to pay to the census takers in 2020 was transferred to the 2021 budget ”. interview news of the all-Russian population census 2021 Malkov.
It is thanks to all these innovations that the data of the All-Russian Population Census of 2021 will be available a few months after its completion. Why was October chosen for the event? The answer is simple – by this time the majority of Russians will have returned home from their vacations. In addition, these dates will allow you to stay within the UN-recommended round of censuses.