The lifting of sanctions, the restoration of rights and the electoral guarantee among the main points of the dialogue
The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mexico, Marcelo Ebrard, has announced that the delegations of the Government of Venezuela and the opposition present in the North American country to start the negotiations have signed a “memorandum of understanding” at the beginning of the dialogue process. “I give the warmest welcome to Mexico to the delegations that will participate in the inauguration of the negotiation and dialogue process,” as well as the “signing of a memorandum of understanding for Venezuela,” Ebrard wrote on Twitter.
The document establishes that the process of dialogue and negotiation will be based on several points, among which the lifting of sanctions and the restoration of rights, the electoral guarantee, political coexistence, the renunciation of violence and the protection of the economy stand out. . “We have agreed to carry out a comprehensive and incremental dialogue and negotiation process based on an agenda, format and guidelines, agreed by the Government of Venezuela and the Unitary Platform,” the document reads.
They have also agreed in “general terms” the objective of “a comprehensive negotiation” under “the principle that nothing is agreed until everything is agreed” and a method that includes the establishment of “early partial agreements”. Also, the appointment of a 9-member delegation has been established, in which there must be women, and the participation of other political and social actors.
This Friday the dialogue that will continue during the weekend between the Government of the president, Nicolás Maduro, and the Unitary Platform, formed by four opposition parties, among them Primero Justice, by Henrique Capriles; and Popular Will, by Leopoldo López and Juan Guaidó.
The opposition delegation is led by Gerardo Blyde, who is accompanied by Stalin González and Carlos Vecchio from Voluntad Popular, Luis Aquiles Moreno from Acción Democrática (AD), Tomás Guanipa from Primero Justicia, Luis Rondón from Un Nuevo Tiempo (UNT), Roberto Enríquez from Independent Electoral Political Organization Committee (COPEI), among others, according to ‘El Nacional’.
The Venezuelan Government delegation is headed by the president of the National Assembly, Jorge Rodríguez, who upon his arrival in Mexico City wanted to thank “the solidarity” of the Mexican president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, for hosting the meeting and has shown confident that “under the auspices of peace” an agreement for “peaceful coexistence” can be “built”. He is accompanied by the governor of Miranda, Héctor Rodríguez, and Maduro’s son, Nicolás.
Wishes of success
At the beginning of the event, Ebrad has sent his “best wishes for the success of their conversations” on behalf of the president of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, according to a statement. “Mexico will be, as always, a respectful host, supportive and always willing to collaborate, to cooperate so that the dialogue is successful,” he said, and declared on behalf of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) “that all the community of Latin America and the Caribbean and of the entire world, has its eyes and best wishes on the conversation ».
For his part, Rodríguez has declared that with the Government “dialogue, negotiation and respect for the Constitution work (…) and threats do not work.” “Let us take care of our ability to achieve points of convergence beyond the profound differences that we currently have,” he said. “The job now is to find where we find points of confluence to guarantee the future and happiness of the people of Venezuela,” he added, according to VTV.
Norway, which acts as a mediator as in the previous process, proposed Mexico City as the venue for a new negotiation process that will try to resolve the serious crisis at all levels in which Venezuela is plunged.
This country has indicated after the first meeting that “the parties are willing to negotiate constructively to achieve beneficial results for the people of Venezuela.” “Starting negotiations is a challenge for both parties and, as facilitators, we are very aware of this. It will be important for Venezuela and its people, as well as for the region as a whole, to establish a long-term solution, ”said Norwegian Foreign Minister Ine Eriksen Soereide.
In addition to Norway, the Netherlands, Russia and other countries will be announced in the international accompaniment by Norway.
Waiting for solutions
After the signing of the agreement, the president of Venezuela welcomed the signing of the memorandum. “We will seek sovereign solutions between Venezuelans and Venezuelans,” he said on his Twitter account.
For his part, the opposition leader Juan Guaidó has issued a statement on social networks in which he considers that the beginning of the negotiations implies “the possibility that through a comprehensive agreement” a “solution to the catastrophe” and ” recover democracy in Venezuela ». For Guaidó, among the main objectives of the process is “to achieve a schedule for free and fair elections that includes the presidential election,” “to address the humanitarian emergency,” “to reinstitution the country with independent powers” and “to restore rights.”
“We know that the counterpart is a dictatorship and that this will not be achievable due to their good will, but we have the support of the democratic world that has maintained a scheme of pressure on the regime and may consider alleviating it, as long as it translates into concrete benefits for the Venezuelans, “he said, and thus, he considered, that the sanctions could be lifted.”
In the event that the agreement is not fruitful, Guaidó has mentioned that “the conflict will deepen” and “the pressure will increase.” “The regime has long lost the ability to govern,” he declared.