The 2030 Agenda and compliance with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are one of the main flags of the Government of Spain, which even has a vice-presidency dedicated to it. As part of his commitments, the executive presents this Thursday the voluntary 2021 progress report of the 2030 Agenda and the 2030 Sustainable Development Strategy at the United Nations High-Level Forum on Sustainable Development, where progress in compliance with the SDGs and the roadmap to be followed in the coming years is established.
Among the priorities highlighted in the study is the “development of the commitments of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration in migration governance, to respond, in terms of international protection and migration, to the commitments established in the Agenda 2030, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and International Law ”.
The Global Compact for Migration develops goal 10.7 of the 2030 Agenda, aimed at facilitating this mobilization “including through the application of planned and well-managed migration policies.” This agreement, signed by the Spanish State in December 2018 in Marrakech, is the first major multilateral cooperation framework that addresses migration governance jointly, recognizing that “no State can tackle migration alone.” It is a cooperation based on international human rights treaties that oblige States to respect, protect and guarantee the rights of all people without any discrimination.
To achieve the proposed objectives, it is essential that the current Spanish migration policy be modified, which clashes head-on with the principles outlined in the agreement, as reflected in the analysis The Global Compact for Migration and SDG 10.7, produced by Alliance for Solidarity, Rumiñahui Association, Cepaim Foundation, Coordinator of Senegalese Associations of Catalonia (CASC), Doctors of the World Y Red Acoge.
Regarding border management, these social organizations indicate their concern about practices such as the detention and internment of migrants as a priority precautionary measure, outsourcing and the practice of summary returns, all of which are contrary to International Human Rights Law. .
Reference is also made to the urgency of reform of the current immigration regulations that forces thousands of people to remain in an irregular situation and hinders the exercise of their rights, in addition to the need to promote mechanisms that promote a voluntary, flexible and regular movement .
Likewise, the demand for ratification of the United Nations International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers and their Families – the only one not signed by the Spanish State – and ILO Convention 189 on the decent work for domestic and care workers, so that fair working conditions and full rights are guaranteed.
Two other promises still unfulfilled by the Government are the processing of the Draft Law on measures for equity, universality and cohesion of the National Health System, to avoid health exclusion; and the approval of a Comprehensive Law for Equal Treatment and Non-Discrimination that includes both persons in an irregular administrative situation in its scope of application and that prohibits police identifications based on racial and ethnic profiles that constitute a discriminatory practice on the part of the State Security Forces and Bodies.
It also includes recommendations on the comprehensive and effective protection of migrant women in situations of gender violence, urging that it be a priority throughout the entire migration process. Just as they consider it essential to guarantee the protection of migrant children without adult accompaniment, protecting the rights of children.
This set of recommendations are concrete measures that facilitate a roadmap to comply with the commitments of the Global Compact and make the slogan of the 2030 Agenda a reality of “leaving no one behind”, articulating a migration model that respects and guarantees human rights .
Laura Traveso and Estefanía Roselló They belong to the Communication area of Red Acoge.