The State Duma appreciated the idea of increasing the working week in Russia to six or seven days. In some committees they spoke out against the proposal, the deputies expressed their opinion on this matter.
Yaroslav Nilov, chairman of the State Duma Committee on Social Policy and Labor, believes that it is categorically impossible to increase the length of the working week, since people should have time to rest.
He added that some telecommuters have in fact already established a four-day work week for themselves. Also, another opponent of the seven-day working week in Russia appeared in the State Duma: Mikhail Terentyev, deputy chairman of the State Duma committee on labor, social policy and veterans affairs, called the proposal to increase the working week “inappropriate.”
He also added that the change in the work week should be “in terms of increasing productivity.” At the same time, there is not always a straightforward relationship between an increase in the duration of working days and an increase in the production of goods or goods, concluded Terentyev. In addition to Nilov and Terentyev, Aleksandr Khinshtein, a State Duma deputy from United Russia, also spoke out against the idea. The deputy called the plans to increase the working week “insane” and assured that United Russia would not allow the communists to implement them.
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Nikolai Arefiev, a member of the Communist Party faction, offered the Russians to work
The Federation Council also spoke out against it. The first deputy chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Social Policy, Valery Ryazansky, explained that in order to restore the economy in the context of the coronavirus pandemic, it is necessary to increase the income level of citizens, and not change the length of the working week. Ryazansky noted that consumption is the engine of the economy, and if income falls in a pandemic, then demand decreases, as a result, this leads to a reduction in supply.
The first deputy chairman of the State Duma Committee on Economic Policy, Industry, Innovative Development and Entrepreneurship, a member of the Communist Party faction Nikolai Arefyev said that the Russian economy could recover if the country increased the working week. “We do not need to think about a four-day work week, but about an extension. About working both on Saturday and Sunday, but pulling the country out of ruin, because everything is in complete ruin. The country is falling apart, and we are thinking how not to work at all, ”he explained his appeal. Arefiev noted that there are no tools in the country that would allow transferring production to a four-day period.
The head of the Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Russia (FNPR), Mikhail Shmakov, said that the transition to a four-day working week is possible only if the workers maintain their previous wages. In his opinion, it is this moment that causes the greatest number of questions from employers who oppose the transition to a four-day week. The head of the FNPR noted that we should not talk about working days, but about the number of working hours per week. He recalled that the Constitution specifies a 40-hour working week. Therefore, in his opinion, it is necessary to talk about 35 or 36 hours of work per week or to build production schedules in a different way.
In 2020, the deputy head of the Russian Security Council Dmitry Medvedev said that the four-day week could gradually be introduced in most countries of the world. After that, a member of the Federation Council, deputy head of the committee on social policy, Valery Ryazansky, allowed a reduction in the working week in Russia.
Four days without losing wages will lead to a reduction in energy consumption and emissions from transport, say British researchers from the environmental organization Platform London. The researchers say the effect is similar to removing the entire private car fleet – 27 million vehicles – from UK roads.