The coronavirus pandemic was especially relentless with the elderly in the first months of its expansion, with a heavy impact on nursing homes. Since the summer, already at the beginning of the second wave of the disease, young people have been the main source of contagion, but COVID-19 is once again affecting the elderly in a worrying way in recent weeks.
The data reveal that young people, specifically in the age group between 15 and 29 years, remains the sector of society that accumulates the highest number of positive cases, adding up to 24% of the total infections.
The main causes of this situation have to do with the behavior of these citizens, as pointed out by the health authorities. This is, due to their way of relating and due to a breach in many cases of the prevention regulations to combat the coronavirus, which has made it easier for them to have contracted a disease that places the average age of those affected in Spain at 38 years.
Strong growth among the elderly
However, in recent weeks COVID-19 older people are again being affected in a virulent way, with a higher percentage growth in those over 70 years of age than in people in an age group between 15 and 29. From this the conclusion is drawn that the infections that began this summer in young people have spread to their elders, which has caused an increase in hospital admissions.
As reported by information from Nius, As of July 17, the cumulative incidence among the 15 to 29 age group was 15.3; among people aged 70 to 79, 5.3; and among those over 80, 7.1. Four weeks later, the incidence in the first group with respect to that date was 79.3, with a strong increase also in the other two: 23.1 in people aged 70 to 79 years and 34.7 among the over 80.
In the epidemiological report of September 9, the incidence of the disease in the elderly was already higher than that of the young, especially among those over 80 years of age (92.3), although there has also been a strong rise in the age group ranging from 70 to 79 years (65.2).
The profile of the hospitalized
This trend has been noticed in hospitals, whose profile of people admitted because of the coronavirus is that of a 65-year-old man with hypertension and diabetes which, in addition, has fever as the main clinical symptom that it suffers, as revealed in the National Congress of COVID-19 that took place this Wednesday.
Exactly, the registered data reflect that 58% of the people admitted to hospitals are men, with hypertension (50%) and diabetes (22%) as the most frequent associated previous pathologies. 40% of them suffer from fever and the most common complications are pneumonia (40% severe and 53% mild) and respiratory distress syndrome (20%). Furthermore, the in-hospital mortality rate is 18%.