Thursday 14 October will open in Rome, in the Rebibbia bunker room, one of the most important trials not only in Italian history, but also in European history: in fact, the first hearing will take place in which the four Egyptian soldiers accused of the kidnapping are accused. of the torture and murder of Giulio Regeni, the Italian researcher killed in Cairo in February 2016. For the first time, in Europe, a system of government and power at the center of very violent complaints for the lack of protection of human rights will be tried .
As Giuliano Foschini reveals on Republic, although not yet formalized, the Prime Minister has made it known that he wants to be a civil party alongside the Regeni family. A decision that meets the demands of the family, which has always discouraged associations from becoming a civil party, but which has always required the presence of the state.
Five years and 8 months after Giulio’s death, the first painful step towards the truth arrives, but the road is still uphill. The first problem to be solved will be the absence of the four National Security agents. An absence announced and due to the prolonged lack of Egyptian collaboration. The absence of the defendants in the courtroom will pose an initial problem of admissibility. But in this case the obstacle seems to have already been overcome by what was established by the judge in the preliminary hearing who considered the media coverage of recent years to be sufficiently valid as a notification. “The capillary and extraordinary media coverage – wrote the gup Pierluigi Balestrieri – makes the news of the pending trial a well-known fact”.
The lawyer of the Regeni family Alessandra Ballerini asked to hear President Al Sisi and his son, Mahmood. The then interior minister Ghaffar. And again all the Italian presidents of the council who have alternated in these five years (Renzi, Gentiloni, Conte, Draghi), the foreign ministers, the undersecretaries with responsibility for the Services, the leaders of our intelligence
The prosecutor instead asked to question, in the cross-examination, all the cornerstones around which the long and precise reconstruction carried out by the carabinieri of the Ros and the Sco is based: and therefore the witnesses (whose identity is still hidden) who said they had seen Giulio in the nine days of imprisonment, before he was killed. Who betrayed him (the peddler who sold him to the Egyptians, Mohammed Abdallah, his neighbor) and all those who played a role in his work, and in his murder, in Egypt.
Who are the four defendants?
The four members of the Egyptian secret services indicted for kidnapping, torturing and killing Giulio Regeni are the Egyptian general Tariq Sabir, the colonels Athar Kamel Mohamed Ibrahim, Uhsam Helmi And Magdi Ibrahim Abdelal Sharif. The men are accused of kidnapping, Sharif also of injuries and complicity in the murder of Regeni. The decision of the GUP comes after the rejection of the objection presented by the defenses, on the unavailability and failure to notify the defendants, of which the Egyptian authorities have never provided the useful addresses to give notice of the proceedings of the trial.
According to the accusations, the four suspects, together with other people never identified, “observed and controlled, directly and indirectly, from autumn 2015 to the evening of January 25, 2016, Giulio Regeni”, the documents read. The Italian researcher was blocked “inside the Cairo metro”, he was “conducted against his will and outside any institutional activity, first at the Dokki police station and later at a building in Logaugly”, they reconstructed the Italian investigators. Thus Magdi Ibrahim Abdelal Sharif “for abject and futile reasons and abusing their powers, with cruelty, caused Giulio Regeni injuries that would have prevented him from attending ordinary occupations for more than 40 days and resulted in the permanent weakening and loss of several organs , torturing him with acute physical suffering, on several occasions and at a distance of several days “.
Sharif is also accused of murder: “Through a violent contusive action, exerted on various parts of the cranial-cervical-dorsal body, he caused massive traumatic injuries to Giulio Regeni which resulted in acute respiratory failure of the central type which led to his death “.