His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of the State, issued Federal Law No. 12 of 2021 regarding the National Human Rights Authority.
Under this law, an independent body called the “National Human Rights Commission” shall be established, with its headquarters in the capital, Abu Dhabi, and it may open branches and establish offices in other emirates.
The authority shall have an independent legal personality and enjoy financial and administrative independence in the exercise of its tasks, activities and competencies and aims to promote and protect human rights and freedoms, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, laws and legislation in force in the country and relevant international charters, covenants and agreements.
The functions and tasks entrusted to the authority include, for example, but not limited to, participation with the authorities and the competent authorities in developing a national action plan to promote and protect human rights in the country, proposing a mechanism for its implementation, working to spread the culture of human rights and raising awareness of the members of society about it, including holding seminars, conferences and workshops. Discussing human rights and submitting proposals, recommendations and advice to the competent authorities and authorities in everything that would protect and promote human rights and follow-up, in addition to submitting suggestions to the competent authorities on the suitability of legislation and laws to international charters, covenants and agreements on human rights to which the state is a party and following up In addition to monitoring any violations or violations of human rights, verifying their validity and reporting them to the competent authorities, in addition to participating in international and regional forums concerned with human rights.
The Commission shall have a Board of Trustees of not less than /11/ members, including the president, provided that the number of full-time members is not less than half of the members. The mechanism for selecting the members of the Commission shall be determined by a decision from the President of the State, and their selection shall be taken into account that they are from advisory and academic bodies, civil society institutions and those with technical expertise. and professionals in their personal capacity, taking into account the appropriate representation of women.. The term of membership of the Council shall be four years, renewable once.
It should be noted that national human rights institutions established under the Paris Principles are official bodies established by states and have a legal mandate to promote and protect human rights.
These bodies enjoy financial and administrative independence in the exercise of their tasks, activities and competencies, and are guided in their work by the spirit of the 1993 Paris Principles for National Human Rights Institutions.
The establishment of the UAE for this important mechanism comes within the framework of its keenness to strengthen and develop its institutional structure concerned with human rights, in a way that contributes to strengthening the status of the state and highlighting its roles in the field of human rights at the international level. The state was keen, when preparing the draft law for the establishment of the authority, to review the best practices world and the experiences of countries that have established similar bodies.
The state was also keen to seek the opinion and advice of a number of international and international expertise, the most important of which is cooperation with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, which graciously provided technical assistance and legal advice regarding the draft law, the articles of which are consistent with the Paris Principles for National Human Rights Institutions.