His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of the State, “may God protect him,” issued Federal Law No. 12 of 2021 regarding the National Human Rights Authority. Under this law, an independent body called the “National Human Rights Commission” shall be established with its headquarters in the capital, Abu Dhabi, and it may open branches and establish offices in other emirates. The Authority shall have an independent legal personality and shall enjoy financial and administrative independence in the exercise of its functions, activities and competencies and aims to promote and protect human rights and freedoms, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, laws and legislation in force in the State and relevant international charters, covenants and agreements. The terms of reference and tasks entrusted to the authority include, for example, but not limited to, participation with the authorities and the competent authorities in developing a national action plan for the promotion and protection of human rights in the country, proposing a mechanism for its implementation, and working to spread the culture of human rights and educate members of society about it, including holding seminars, conferences and discussion panels. related to human rights, and submitting proposals, recommendations and advice to the authorities and the competent authorities in everything that would protect and promote human rights and their follow-up, in addition to submitting suggestions to the competent authorities on the extent to which legislation and laws are compatible with international charters, covenants and agreements on human rights to which the state is a party and follow-up, in addition to To monitor any violations or violations of human rights, verify their validity and report them to the competent authorities, in addition to participating in international and regional forums concerned with human rights. The Commission shall have a Board of Trustees of no less than /11/ members, including the president, provided that the number of full-time members is not less than half of the members. The mechanism for selecting the members of the Commission shall be determined by a decision from the President of the State, and their selection shall be taken into account that they are from advisory and academic bodies, civil society institutions and those with technical expertise. and professionals in their personal capacity, taking into account the appropriate representation of women.. The term of membership of the Council shall be four years, renewable once. It should be noted that NHRIs established under the Paris Principles are formal bodies established by states with a legal mandate to promote and protect human rights. These bodies enjoy financial and administrative independence in the exercise of their functions, activities and competencies, and are guided in their work by the spirit of the Paris Principles for National Human Rights Institutions of 1993. The establishment of the UAE for this important mechanism comes within the framework of its keenness to strengthen and develop its institutional structure concerned with human rights, which contributes to strengthening the status of the state, And highlighting its roles in the field of human rights at the international level.. When preparing the draft law for the establishment of the commission, the state was keen to see the best international practices and the experiences of countries that established similar bodies. The state was also keen to seek the opinion and advice of a number of international and UN expertise, the most important of which is the cooperation with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, which graciously provided technical assistance and legal advice regarding the draft law, the articles of which are consistent with the Paris Principles for National Human Rights Institutions.