Mexico has taken an enormous step in favor of the green tide this Wednesday with the decriminalization of abortion in the State of Hidalgo until the 12th week of gestation. It is the third entity in the country to allow the voluntary interruption of pregnancy, together with Mexico City and the State of Oaxaca, which did so in September 2019. The project was approved amid shouts of opposition deputies and with the 16-vote support of the National Regeneration Movement (Morena), the minimum necessary to pass the law. One of the legislators from that bench abstained and the rest of the 28 House representatives refused to cast their vote.
The resolution of the opinion in the state Congress has made the green tide protesters jump with happiness who were waiting for a positive resolution at the doors of the legislative body. The project has modified articles 154, 155, 156, 157 and 158 of the Penal Code as well as the local Health Law. The reform has established that the State must also guarantee access to free voluntary interruption of pregnancy in private health centers and women’s prisons. While it penalizes women who abort after the 12th week of gestation with between six months and one year in prison and between 10 and 40 days of fine.
The debate over decriminalization was arduous. The opposition, made up of the National Action Party (PAN) and the Institutional Revolution Party (PRI), demanded that the ruling formation not allow the arguments against the project to be presented and that it commit irregularities in the legislative processes. “Morena violates the law, we are going to go to court,” said PAN deputy Asael Hernández Cerón, shouting as he insisted on using the floor at the time of the vote. “Once the opinion has been approved, I request the Legislative Services Secretariat to prepare the corresponding decree and send it to the Executive,” the president of the legislative body also shouted, with a quorum of 28 deputies.
In all Mexican states the termination of pregnancy due to rape is tolerated. Some add allowed causes, such as that the pregnancy generates a danger to the life of the mother or that there are fetal malformations. Hidalgo had already tried to decriminalize voluntary abortion in December 2019, but the project had not reached enough votes, even the deputies of Morena had rejected it. This small entity, north of the Mexican capital, ranks fourth in the number of women who travel to Mexico City to have an abortion, where it has been legal since 2007.
Decriminalization comes after years of struggle by the feminist movement in Hidalgo. “One more state in favor of freedom and justice for women. The Green Tide rises and we are all very happy ”, the renowned Information Group in Chosen Reproduction has celebrated on its Twitter account. They have been followed by hundreds of organizations and politicians who have demanded for years the legalization of abortion not only in Mexico, but throughout Latin America. Citlalli Hernández, secretary general of Morena in the country, also celebrated the approval: “My full appreciation to the feminist movement and the legislators who did not allow themselves to be intimidated. In social networks as in the state Congress, the cry of yes could completely cover the celestial claim.
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