The image couldn’t be worse. In a first video, two children are seen inside a commercial premises, who minutes before had been captured by the community committing a robbery. Then, in a second image, the two young men are seen lying on a road. One of them, with his hands tied, lying on the side of a road; the other, the youngest, in the middle of the road in the middle of a pool of blood and with what would be a shot in the head. The conclusion is that illegal organizations in the area murdered the children. A fairly common practice in many areas of Colombia where they administer justice in the absence of the State.
This fact caused an outrage in a sector of the population, especially in the world of social networks. However, this seems an exceptional event, in real life it shows the face of a Colombia that is devoured by a new wave of violence. The explanations for these facts are three. On the one hand, at least 200 municipalities of the slightly more than 1,100 that Colombia has are experiencing what would be a new wave of violence. In these areas, illegal armed groups and criminal organizations try to win the loyalty of the population by administering justice. A traditional practice for many decades. For this reason, they show cruelty in acts such as those that occurred in the municipality of Tibú. In fact, this town, located on the border between Colombia and Venezuela, is experiencing one of the most violent criminal relocations after the FARC’s laying down of arms.
The second explanation is that the Colombian State, after the laying down of arms by the then FARC guerrilla, never managed to design and implement a strategy of territorial capture of the areas where it previously operated. This strategy not only made reference to the military or police presence, but to a more comprehensive presence that involves the admiration of justice. In many of these areas, criminal organizations administer everything, coexistence, and even marital infidelities. The problem with the state justice administration service is that not only does it not exist, but in many areas there is a very negative view of it. The villagers accuse the judicial authorities of being corrupt and delayed. In this way, despotic but agile services such as criminal organizations are the ones that most attract entire communities.
Third, in many areas of the country there is not only a dispute and criminal groups administer justice, but the little community infrastructure to regulate social life has been decimated in recent years. For years, the FARC created a mechanism in which each guerrilla front made trials and took justice into their own hands. Faced with excesses and arbitrary situations, the guerrillas began to lose social support since with a minimum of information they made decisions and murdered thousands of civilians for simple comments. The guerrillas then began to delegate these functions to the Community Action Boards, that is, to the communities, and informal mechanisms were created to resolve issues of coexistence and justice.
These mechanisms based on three instances were unknown and isolated by the Colombian State. Later, the illegal groups began to destroy them by assassinating members and presidents of Juntas de Acción Comunal. In the end, they are destroying everything and the State has not been able to take over those territories. These events show the new wave of violence that Colombia incubated during these 4 years of the government of Iván Duque, which was dedicated to destroying the Peace Agreement. The consequences of sabotage are obvious.
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