The violence doesn’t stop at Mexico. Armed clashes, attacks and settling scores between drug cartels continue to kill hundreds. And so far this year the authorities have found 174 clandestine graves.
Although the number is lower than the 297 discovered in the same period last year, it is still a worrying figure, the Ministry of the Interior (Segob) reported on Wednesday.
“We see a downward trend in the discovery of clandestine graves, which is a positive, although, of course, it is a phenomenon that persists in our country,” said the Undersecretary of Human Rights, Population and Migration, Alejandro Holm oaks.
According to the “Semiannual Report on the Search and Identification of Disappeared Persons”, in the same period of 2019 -January to June- 208 graves were found, and in 2020 297.
The numbers of recovered bodies were, respectively, 494 in the first half of 2019; 461 in the first six months of 2020 and 393 in that same period of 2021.
Murders are almost commonplace in areas dominated by drug trafficking groups, and when the bodies of the victims are not thrown into clandestine graves, they are usually burned or dismembered.
At least 113 bodies were found in a clandestine grave in the municipality of El Salto, in the state of Jalisco, Mexico, in November 2020. Photo: EFE
Encinas insisted that the decrease in the numbers does not mean that the search tasks have decreased, since they continue “every day” by the families, the National Search Commission (CNB) and the search commissions of the state.
On the other hand, the official affirmed that there was a reduction in the reports of disappearances, which in any case continue to be very high.
Between July 2019 and June 2020 there were 9,315 and between the same months of 2020 and 2021 there were 7,267, which represents a decrease of almost 22%.
Relatives of the 43 missing youth in Ayotsinapa, Mexico, demand justice, in a march in October 2020 in Mexico City. Photo: AP
The data on the disappeared still cause horror in the country, and their families do not stop demanding justice.
Since March 1964 (when the registry began), 220,330 have been reported so far, of which 130,842 (59.38%) were located and 89,488 (40.6%) are still not located.
Of those found, 93.39% were alive.
Between December 1, 2018 – when President Andrés Manuel López Obrador took office – and June 30, 2021, 49,581 disappeared were reported, of which 56.54% were located.
So that During this period, 21,546 people disappeared and remain to be found..
MEX9687. SALVATIERRA (MEXICO), 10/28/2020.- Personnel of the National Commission for the Search of Persons (CNBP) carry out search tasks this Wednesday in sites of the town of Salvatierra, in the state of Guanajuato (Mexico). The Mexican authorities reported the discovery of the remains of 59 people buried in several clandestine graves in Salvatierra, a town in the central Mexican state of Guanajuato. EFE / STR
Women represent 24.70% of missing persons, but more than half of them are between 10 and 17 years old.
The states that concentrate the highest number of reports of missing persons in that period are Jalisco, Mexico City, Michoacán, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, Estado de México, Guanajuato, Sonora, Sinaloa and Zacatecas, which accumulate 76.33% of the records.
Regarding the main reason for forced disappearance to continue to be one of the great problems in Mexico, Encinas said that impunity does not allow progress.
“As long as we do not resolve that cases of disappearance are punished, this phenomenon will continue to reproduce itself,” he explained.
“Impunity is the reason why this phenomenon is still present,” he concluded.