With the aspiration to return to participate in the federal government in a year, which the polls confirm as more than possible and the coalition alternatives as highly probable, and the ambition to become Germany’s first force, the Greens closed their 45 Ordinary Congress, in which they approved a new basic program, valid for the next two decades, and in which their electoral campaign for the legislative elections of autumn 2021 will be directed. Second national force after the conservatives of the Christian Democratic Union and the Union Social Christian (CDU / CSU) and ahead of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), according to all polls for more than two years, The Greens have made it clear in the first completely virtual congress held by a German political formation in times of the coronavirus that They are the new German hinge party, successor in that position of the Liberal Party, which until the end of the last century granted government majorities and participated in the executives released indistinctly by CDU / CSU or SPD, according to their convenience.
Although its heart has always opted for a progressive majority and a union of forces with Social Democrats and the Left to form a red-red-green tripartite, the environmentalist formation will not have ideological problems to share power with the conservatives if its ideal sum of parties it does not reach enough seats to govern. And if possible, with a green head of government, as has happened since 2016 in the rich federal state of Baden-Württemberg, where environmentalist Winfried Kretschmann leads an executive with the support of the CDU. The most recent polls consider, however, that possibility more than remote in Berlin. The poll by the Kantar demoscopic institute published this Sunday by the Sunday Bild am Sonntag highlights that the conservatives, benefited by the policy to combat the pandemic and the good image of Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel, would obtain 36% of the vote, while the Greens they would reach 18% and the SPD 16%. The ultranationalists of the Alternative for Germany (AfD) would achieve 9%, while the Left and the Liberals (FDP) 7%, respectively.
In his optimistic speech to the 800 congress delegates, Robert Habeck, co-president of Los Verdes with Annalena Baerbock, stated that “2021 will be the year in which we will surpass ourselves” and in which “we will fight for power to impose our solutions ”. The environmental leader stressed that his party aspires in politics to “build a new house that protects this society and is inhabited by people who respect each other.” It is said “to move a damn and huge wheel, because time is short” in reference to climate change, but also to meet the needs of society. Many people are not comfortable and are disoriented in “this accelerating reality” and it is necessary to guarantee “respect and dignity” for all, said Habeck, for whom the coronavirus epidemic has only increased the social chasms and increased irritability. The president of Los Verdes also emphatically affirmed that there will only be economic successes and well-being in combination with the defense of the climate and in matters of internal politics, he defended a consistent action against radicals, far-rightists and Islamists.
“The central basis of the policy of the Greens is the Paris Climate Agreement and the report of the World Climate Council for the goal of 1.5 degrees”, reads one of the fundamental points of the new programmatic document approved at the congress three days. In it, The Greens backtrack with their absolute rejection of genetic technology and underline that also in this field “freedom of research must be guaranteed”, although they maintain their critical view of any genetic manipulation in the field of agriculture. Ecological training requires free schools and nurseries throughout the country and the free supply of computer equipment and internet access for students and teachers. Under the title “Respect and protect – Change creates balance”, its new program calls for lowering the electoral age to 16 for general elections, as is already the case with municipal elections and a part of regional elections. The German Greens reject national plebiscites, but propose the creation of citizen councils for the elaboration of proposals and initiatives that will have to be attended by governments and parliaments although they will not be binding.
They also defend the creation of basic aid “without conditions and for those who do not reach their own financial means” that “protects from poverty and guarantees without sanctions a socio-cultural existential minimum.” In the field of economics, the Greens will in the future defend a “green social market economy” and underline in their document that growth, efficiency, competition and innovation are not objectives in themselves, but “means to achieve them ». In this sense, they point out that “economic growth is not the problem in itself, but the wear and tear of natural resources and the exploitation of the human labor force that occur if it is forced.”