There distance learning (DaD), an obligatory solution to continue the lessons a school during the Covid-19 pandemic, resulted in considerable damage to learning of young people, especially in high school and in particular in subjects such as Italian is Maths, risking to make us lose an entire generation. This is what emerges from the last Invalsi report on the results achieved by the pupils of the secondary schools first and second instance, according to which i maturanti show skills from third year of middle school.
The drop found in the school preparation is generalized in all Italy, with the only one Autonomous Province of Trento to maintain a level Above average of 2018 and 2019. Many Regions of the South, where most of the students do not reach the minimum level of competences in Italian.
But it’s not just a matter of geography. The share of pupils he showed a preparation below the minimum level grows more among students from socially disadvantaged families and presumably also between immigrants and children of immigrants.
The damage caused by the pandemic in schools
The picture drawn by Invalsi 2o21 report it’s creepy: at medium the 39 percent of the pupils showed skills inadequate in English – that is, not in line with the provisions of the national guidelines – a figure that even goes up to 45 percent in Maths. Even worse at superior, where is the 44 percent of the students got results unsatisfactory in Italian language and literature, arriving at the 51 percent in Maths.
Relatively stable in its own inadequacy also the preparation in English, both in written and oral comprehension. Nationally, the 51 percent of pupils (+3 percentage points compared to 2019) showed itself unprepared in English-reading (B2), a percentage that reaches up to 63 percent (+2 percentage points compared to 2019) in English-listening (B2).
The state of skills in the area is worrying English among young people at the end of the last year of upper secondary school. As for the written comprehension, the greatest part gods maturanti of Campania (68 percent), Puglia (67 percent), Calabria (67 percent), Sicily (66 percent), Sardinia (63 percent), Basilicata (61 percent), Abruzzo (61 percent), Umbria (56 per cent) e Lazio (55 percent) showed up unprepared.
A percentage that still rises as regards the listening comprehension, also expanding to the Center-North where most of the final year students in Calabria (82 percent), Campania (81 percent), Sicily (80 percent), Basilicata (80 percent), Puglia (78 percent), Abruzzo (76 percent), Sardinia (71 percent), Umbria (67 percent), Molise (67 percent), Lazio (65 percent), Marche (61 percent), Tuscany (59 percent), Liguria (54 percent), Piedmont (54 percent), Emilia Romagna (53 percent) e Veneto (51 percent) not reached adequate results.
“There DaD has made up for the emergency but there have been learning losses and more ”, said the president of Invalsi, Annamaria Ajello. And the absolute numbers are staggering: the 9.5 percent of the students, that is over 40 thousand Young people between 18 and 19 years, they leave school unprepared. “And the half of the city of Ferrara“, He stressed Roberto Ricci, national manager of evidence Invalsi. “A third of the population of Modena“.
Particularly penalized Southern regions, where more than half of the students does not reach the minimum skill threshold in Italian: in Campania is Calabria the percentage touches the 64 percent, in Puglia arrives at 59 percent, in Sicily reaches the 57 percent, in Sardinia is al 53 percent and in Abruzzo stops at 50 percent. In Campania instead the 73 percent of the students showed up unprepared in Maths, a given that reaches the 70 percent in Sicily and al 69 percent in Puglia.
But the situation is serious throughout the country. Compared to 2019, at a national level Invalsi encounters a decline in skills of about 10 percentage points in Italian and in Maths, without recording further learning losses – however inadequate – in English. In all subjects, however, the results worsen among pupils who come from unfavorable socio-economic and cultural backgrounds, with almost double unpreparedness rates among pupils belonging to disadvantaged families compared to those living in conditions of lesser disadvantage.
Not even the classic remedies, such as the rejection, seem to have an effect. The data Invalsi show how even pupils forced to repeat the school year continue to achieve lower results than those who did not fail. “The time that has passed we do not recover with the magic wand,” he explained Curls. “But using this data can help make decisions that are brought into reality.”
New year, old problems
The future, however, does not bode well, if it is true that – it causes the spread of the new strains of Coronavirus more contagious and in part resistant to vaccines such as Delta variants, Epsilon is Lambda – institutions risk having to resort to distance learning even during the next school year, despite government announcements.
“We work for the school in attendance, without ifs and buts, ”announced the Minister of Education, Patrizio Bianchi, according to which in September all pupils will have to return to the classroom, without giving up what they have learned from DaD.
However, the minister’s certainties clash with the many doubts of the regional authorities regarding compliance with the distancing and containment of the new ones variants Covid., all measures confirmed by Technical Scientific Committee (Cts). “Mine is a very simple, almost banal consideration”, the minister repliedregional councilor for health of Emilia Romagna, Raffaele Donini, asking to also consider the situation of vaccinated pupils in the management of outbreaks of contagion that have emerged in schools. “We are all against the distance learning. If there was an outbreak in a class, they all go in today DaD. I ask that you also consider the vaccinated population: if it were to remain in school, by virtue of the vaccination status, it could decrease the DaD“.
More optimistic (a week ago) theLazio health councilor, Alessio D’Amato, according to which in September, with 70-80 percent of students already vaccinated, the DaD it will no longer be needed. “Where the percentages of vaccinated are high, we can hypothesize a return to normality, the children are convinced of the usefulness of vaccination, we have no problems in persuading them: they care about freedom of movement”, the president of the National Association of Principals (NPC), Antonello Giannelli.
Still, the decision of the Cts, which confirmed the obligation to wear a mask and respect for distancing in schools, left many school leaders perplexed. “Maintaining the spacing, using masks and more implies that the students will have to be engaged in again DaD: we wonder then how it was possible not to find alternative solutions in the last year and a half ”, he wondered Mario Rusconi, president of the Association of principals in Rome and Lazio. “It is possible that the chicken coop classes? “.
The trade unions are also in revolt. “Sixteen months after the start of the pandemic, school safety is still far away,” he denounced Rino Di Meglio, national coordinator of the Guild of Teachers. While Cisl School, Flc Cgil, Anief is Uil School they had asked the minister for an urgent meeting Patrizio Bianchi, “Which also sees the direct involvement of the undersecretaries of the ministry and the representatives of the political forces that support the majority”.
Meanwhile, almost two months after the start of lessons, students, families, teachers and ATA staff are still not sure of a stable return to school. The problems concern in particular a large proportion of students not yet vaccinated, not to mention the share of teachers and school staff not yet immunized, even today to over 215 thousand people.
“The problem of the school, however much you can make a strategy, remains a question mark because we will have to see what the circulation of the virus will be in September and if there will be another variant”, he explained last week to the microphones of Radio Cusano Campus the undersecretary of the Health, Pierpaolo Sileri. “The only thing that can be predicted is how many will be vaccinated, we must push teachers and students to vaccinate.”
A question addressed by the Minister Bianchi together with extraordinary commissioner for the emergency Covid, Francesco Paolo Figliuolo, which intends to reach at least 180-190 thousand new vaccinated among school operators, reaching a coverage of over 80 per cent of immunized in schools, also increasing administrations for young people aged 12 to 19.
Based onlatest government report, I’m 1,063,903 the teachers and members of the school staff already vaccinated, but 216.221 not have still received the first dose. However, further developments could come from new measures under consideration by the Government after the decisions announced in France, with the possibility of opening to the introduction ofvaccination obligation in schools, as required byNational association of principals (Anp).