The chief pediatrician of the Moscow Department of Health, Ismail Osmanov, on Wednesday, August 25, named the criteria that a schoolchild’s backpack and workplace should meet, as well as which notebooks are better to choose.
According to the specialist, a properly selected knapsack is the key to a healthy back. Therefore, it should be with a rigid orthopedic back, rigid wide straps, a hard bottom, several compartments for textbooks, notebooks, a bottle of water.
“The backpack should be as light as possible, but roomy. Choose it with your child, let him try to open and close all the zippers and fasteners. The presence of reflective elements is obligatory, “he explained in an interview with”RIA News“.
The expert drew attention to the fact that furniture intended for a schoolchild should be comfortable, safe, multifunctional, the correct posture and the condition of the spine depend on it.
Parents should choose a table and chair for the child’s height, with their hands resting freely on the tabletop, feet on the floor, and there should be enough space between the knees and the tabletop.
“A sitting child should not have tension in the back, arms, knees. The front edge of the chair should be folded back to avoid impairing circulation and ruining clothing. There should be space between the edge of the chair and the popliteal fossa. The back of the chair should support the child’s back at the level of the shoulder blades and lower back. The elbows should be at the level of the top of the table top, ”said the pediatrician.
Osmanov pointed out that the tabletop should have a matte finish so that glare does not spoil the child’s eyesight. There should be at least two sources of illumination: main top and side. At the same time, it is undesirable to use flickering fluorescent lamps for the main light. The table lamp should be on the left for right-handers and on the right for left-handers.
The doctor warned that there is no need to try to buy all the necessary materials in advance for a year. For the first time, you can limit yourself to basic accessories or a teacher’s list. Each school may have its own requirements for the size of the ruler, the number of colors in the palette of paints, the color of notebooks, and so on. Osmanov also suggested giving preference to monophonic notebooks in order to distract the student from his studies less.
On the eve of the psychotherapist of the online medical service “SberHealth” Gurgen Khachaturyan noted that for a comfortable return of the student to the educational process after the holidays, it is necessary to restore the regime in advance, resume mental activity, discuss the holidays with him and give him a gift before the start of the year. According to the specialist, it can be difficult for a child to readjust from a long rest to daily work, so it is worth preparing in advance.