The 5G is about to become the mobile generation that achieves fastest adoption ever, with subscriptions increasing at a rate of approximately one million per day.
Projections indicate that there will be 580 million users by the end of this year and that 60% of the population will have 5G coverage by the end of 2026, according to the Ericsson Mobility Report.
“With the 5G network we can download a movie to our smartphone in less than three seconds. Our car will be able to detect and navigate automatically avoiding obstacles on the road. Doctors will be able to perform complex surgical procedures using robots remotely. The cities will be able to collect omnipresent real-time information on traffic ”, they list from Telecom.
While in the country several models with 5G capacity have already been launched -such as the Samsung Galaxy S21, the Motorola Moto G 5G and the iPhone 12- and both Personal and Movistar advance with the tests, there are still some key points to be defined.
Tim Cook CEO of Apple, announced last year the arrival of 5G to their computers.
According to the report “The mobile economy in Latin America”, Argentina will adopt 5G by 9% by 2025. The new technology will coexist with the use of 4G by 72%. While other more optimistic estimates indicate that it will arrive in 2023.
Locally, the most important point still needs to be defined, which is the frequency that will be assigned for its operation and that will set the course for the services that may be offered.
The radioelectric spectrum is the “highways of the air” through which different signals travel. The Government of each country, through public auctions, is in charge of allocating that space, granting user licenses to the different companies.
“Among the structural factors, the need to define the frequencies that 5G will use in the country and what its allocation mechanism will be like. Also, it is important that the conditions that encourage deployment are created fiber optic necessary to interconnect the network that will sustain the fifth generation ”, they contribute from Movistar.
There are two types of antennas, Non-Stand-alone and Stand-alone, native to 5G. Reuters photo
The vast majority of deployments in the world still operate under an architecture Non-Stand-alone (NSA), which is a combination where the 4G infrastructure previously drawn with 5G protocols is used.
But also, many countries advance with architecture Stand-alone, which is fully native, requires much greater modifications, and achieves low-latency, high-speed services, and eventually the connection of millions of IoT devices.
Doubts and uncertainties
To these inconveniences must be added the arrival of the pandemic, which shifted the focus and efforts to maintain adequate connectivity for those who happened to meet the home office.
“Day by day, we are still far from 5G being a reality in our country. Structural issues in the industry must be solved to enable a foreseeable development of this new technology ”, they point out from Movistar.
“With regard to the country context – they explain from Movistar – in the immediate future it is still to be seen what will be the priorities and challenges that the post-Covid-19 scenario will present.”
As the GSMA has pointed out, the deployment of 5G – which requires large and long-term investments– It will depend to a large extent on public policies that allow timely access to the spectrum, that do not only pursue fiscal collection objectives and that accompany the objectives of promoting the transformation of digital connectivity.
Most of the mid-range phones coming out in the world already come with 5G. Photo EFE.
The 5G network will offer great opportunities for the development of the Internet of Things (IoT) thanks to the high speed of response (100 times higher than browsing on the 4G network), low latency and multiple devices connected at the same time.
5G networks will allow devices to connect with each other directly, with more efficient communication and therefore with a Lower battery power consumption.
Smartphones, which currently carry the 95% of this traffic is also consuming more data than ever. Globally, according to the Ericsson Mobility Report, average usage per smartphone is already above 10GB / month and is expected to reach 35GB / month by the end of 2026.
The possibilities that open up with 5G networks are endless. Photo EFE
“The first commercial deployments of 5G technology occurred in the US and South Korea between December 2018 and April 2019, after the standardization of the first architectures. Although the Covid-19 pandemic had an impact on the launches, according to the GSMA, there are 87 operators in 39 markets offering commercial plans ”, they indicate from Telecom.
While Argentina – as it happened with 4G – is the slowest country in the region to take this step, 5G Americas counts to date deployments of 5G NSA in Brazil, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Suriname and Uruguay.
The GSMA predicts that by 2025, some 58 million 5G mobile devices will be connected in the region. For that year, 13% of the traffic will be carried by 5G networks.
In the region, only 5 countries have 5G in their networks. AFP photo.
“It is understandable that these numbers vary depending on the region depending on the degree of technology deployment and adoption. Latin America is not at the forefront, but the first steps are being taken”, They warn from Telecom.
This year, the National Communications Agency (ENACOM) gathered at its headquarters, for the first time and in the same event, to Ericsson, Huawei and Nokia, the largest global network infrastructure companies to demonstrate mobile broadband connections.
In 2018, Personal together with Nokia tested in Puerto Madero 5G, which reached speeds of 10 Gbps. The first demonstration in the country was by Movistar in 2017 and he did it together with Sony Ericcson.
In February of this year, Telecom turned on the first 5G network in Argentina, putting into operation 10 mobile personal antennas to use this service with suitable devices, in the cities of Buenos Aires and Rosario.