Peat could be used to make sodium ion batteries instead of lithium ion batteries.
Estonians have begun to develop technology to enable peat to satisfy the world’s ever-increasing hunger in the battery industry.
Now the battery industry relies mainly on lithium, the demand for which is growing all the time. For example, last year the world needed 320,000 tons of lithium, and the amount is expected to triple by 2025.
By the end of the decade, the number could already be three million tons, according to the news agency Reuters.
In Estonia has now invested in lithium replacement technology. The University of Tartu is developing a technology to obtain coal from peat and to make sodium ion batteries instead of lithium ion batteries.
However, sodium-based battery technology is not an Estonian invention, but it has been thought to be one alternative to lithium as a competitor.
The technology is also believed by Catl, the world’s largest manufacturer of lithium-ion batteries. The company is expected to news agency Bloombergin will launch its sodium ion battery in 2023.
According to researchers at the University of Tartu, peat can be used advantageously in sodium ion batteries. The university is planning to build a small pilot plant.