The reform of the civil process is also going ahead in the Senate. Discussions on this issue also continued, not only with the majority parties, but also with lawyers and magistrates. And now it is expected that in the next few days the text will be closed, to start voting when work resumes after the summer break.
In September, we read in La Stampa, there will be the go-ahead from the Senate for the new civil justice. And so one of the most essential reforms among those agreed by the government with Europe will step forward. As Minister Marta Cartabia always remembers: “We are committed to reducing the time of the civil trial by 40%.” Not an easy destination. The Cartabia revolution is essentially divided into three chapters: investments, alternative instruments, concentration of the audience starting with the first. On investments, one relies above all on the billions of the Recovery Plan. Large expenses are announced to renew the digital infrastructure, which, although born avant-garde, is already showing the wear and tear of the early years. Few people know, perhaps, that the civil process is already telematic: the documents run through the Internet; the judge and the opposing party read everything online. This digital infrastructure all too often crashes, however. «I also discovered – said the minister at the recent congress of lawyers – that the systems are blocked for maintenance over the weekend. This is unacceptable and we are working on it ».
As for personnel, 5,000 permanent administrative staff are arriving for justice, plus 16,500 young graduates in law or economics for the trial offices, with three-year recruitment. Yesterday a decree relating to the first 8,050 new hires, which establishes the division of the province by province. In Milan, to say, 680 will arrive. In Rome, 843. In Turin, 401. And so on. Subsequently we will see how many for the civil and how many for the penalty. The decree also establishes the subjects of the written test: public law, judicial system, English language. Second fundamental chapter of the Cartabia reform, alternative dispute resolution tools, in an attempt to deflate the numbers of trials. To encourage recourse to conciliation, assisted negotiation and arbitration, there will be more tax incentives: on the registration tax, the costs of starting the mediation procedure, the indemnities due to the various bodies, the procedure for recognizing the tax credit.
The third cornerstone, the newspaper La Stampa always writes, is the concentration of hearings. The first hearing will become crucial, while today is just an opportunity to postpone it for a few years. It is envisaged that the summons must already contain an indication of the evidence that the plaintiff intends to use and the documents he offers in communication, on which the defendant is called to take a position. In short, the lawyers will have to uncover their cards from the beginning. “Our priorities – says Senator Anna Rossomando, rapporteur of the reform, and Head of Justice of the Democratic Party – are tax incentives for mediation and assisted negotiation, measures to contain the costs of arbitration so that it is not an instrument for the few, the innovation and reorganization starting from the Office of the process ».