In the last 20 years, taxes in Italy have increased by 166 billion euros. If in 2000 the tax authorities and local authorities had collected 350.5 billion euros, in 2019 the revenue, at current prices, rose to 516.6 billion. In percentage terms, the growth in these twenty years was 47.4 per cent, 3.5 points more than the increase recorded in the same period of the national GDP expressed in nominal terms (+44.2 per cent). This was reported by the Cgia Studies Office. Inflation, again in this period of time, increased by 37 per cent, 10 points less than the percentage increase in revenue. ” Can anyone say with full knowledge of the facts that with 166 billion more revenue our public machine has worked better and the Italian taxpayers have received more services, or has this additional levy impoverished them, helping not to make the country grow? ” , asks the CGIA. ” We have no doubts; we lean towards the second hypothesis without hesitation ”, he replies.
Although more than half of Italian public spending is in the hands of Regions and local authorities, the taxes of Italians continue for the most part to flow into the coffers of the central state, allocating almost 9 euros for every 10 of taxes. In 2019, for example, 85.4 per cent of the total tax revenue was withdrawn from the treasury: practically 441.4 billion out of a total of 516.6. On the other hand, the ‘crumbs’ went to the peripheral bodies: practically just over 75 billion, equal to 14.6 per cent of the total, the CGIA Studies Office still reports.
” An imbalance, that between revenue and spending centers, which once again demonstrates how the central public administration is increasingly perched on a position of defense of its intermediary role ”, underlines the association.
Local administrations, which manage a share of public spending higher than that of central administrations by virtue of the transfer of functions and competences which took place about two decades ago, ” continue to depend to a large extent on the financial coverage that comes from Rome ”, he says. the CGIA. However, the delivery times by the central state ” are not always very fast, on the contrary ”.
In view of the result that emerged from this elaboration, according to the CGIA ” it appears necessary to approve in a reasonably short time the law on differentiated autonomy requested loudly by many Regions ”. In other words ” functions and competences must be transferred to the peripheral bodies which, in turn, must be able to count on their own resources that must be recovered by retaining a large part of the taxes paid by taxpayers on the territory ”.
” Only by bringing the shopping centers closer to citizens – according to the association, will it be possible to better respond to the needs of the latter, making local administrators more responsible and more virtuous. Naturally, the areas of the country that are lagging behind will have to be economically helped by those that are not: solidarity between territories will form the glue of this epochal change ”.