Anfac and Faconauto calculate that an investment of 5,500 million euros would be necessary until 2030, reaching close to 13,500 million by 2040
The automotive employers Anfac and Faconauto calculate that Spain would need
multiply the current number of public charging points by 30 to achieve the decarbonisation targets of the European Union in 2030. This means going from the few more than 12,000 current charging points to a total of 340,000. That is, 328,843 new public facilities in just nine years. An operation that will require 5.5 billion euros in investment.
This is an amount equivalent to that provided by the Government’s Recovery Plan (Perte VEC). Although in this case, the Plan contemplates that this budget, financed mainly through
the European Next Generation Mechanism, include not only the installation of charging point infrastructure, but also actions throughout the automotive value chain, from research, development, assembly or battery manufacturing, in addition to the extraction of the necessary raw materials . The development of this project foresees a total investment of more than 24,000 million euros in the period 2021-2023, with a contribution from the public sector of 4,300 million euros and a private investment of 19,700 million euros.
Spain is at the bottom of Europe in penetration of electrified vehicles and installation of recharging points. In fact, in the latest electromobility report from
ACEA shows how the development of charging points in neighboring countries such as Germany, France and Italy are balanced with the territory while Spain is very unbalanced.
ACEA points out that Spain represents 12% of the territory, but
only has 3% of the recharge while Italy represents 7% of the territory and has installed 6% of the charging points or France, with 14% of the European territory, represents 21% of the points.
If we carry out the calculation per million inhabitants, Spain is in the penultimate position with 256 points, only ahead of Greece.
The European average is 573 points of recharging per million inhabitants. The Netherlands leads this list, with a ratio of 4,760 points per million inhabitants.
The Spanish Association of Automobile and Truck Manufacturers
(Anfac) and the management of the dealers
(Faconauto) have presented the «Map of Deployment of Public Access Charging Points for Electrified Vehicles». With this initiative, the associations want to facilitate and promote the market for battery electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids to reach a fleet of three million passenger cars that the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan requires by 2030. In this sense, both entities understand that Spain not only has insufficient infrastructure, but that it is poorly distributed throughout the national territory. What’s more,
in the little more than 12,000 existing public charge points At present, they detect that the power is insufficient to satisfy the demands of a growing electrified car fleet, since 83% of the electric stations are slow charging, equal to or less than 22 kW.
To establish the indicator on the necessary points and their distribution throughout the entire territory, Anfac and Faconauto have presented a methodology in which they calculate the evolution that should occur, from their point of view, to meet the decarbonization objectives. .
Thus, by 2023 there should already be 70,000 public charging points, about 110,000 in 2025, and reach the goal of 340,000 in 2030.
José López-Tafall, CEO of Anfac, «The sector has a strong commitment to decarbonisation and is already putting a wide range of electrified vehicles on the market, but we are faced with increasingly demanding targets in terms of emission reductions and, therefore, it is tools need to be set up to speed up the transition.
Regarding the European Commission’s proposal to advance the ban on the sale of combustion vehicles to the year 2035, López-Tafall considers that “if the transition is accelerated, we must put more tools.
If the European Commission believes that it is essential for the world that Europe advance its objectives in 5 years So we are opening an important debate on how much it will cost and who will bear that cost.
Executive Vice President of Faconauto, Marta Blázquez, has insisted on the need to eliminate the entry barriers of citizens to the electric vehicle. “The figures tell us that today one of the most important barriers is the lack of a large and sufficient public network of recharging points spread throughout the entire geography of our country,” the directive claimed.
In this sense, Anfac and Faconauto defend that “the sector has fulfilled its duties”, since currently in Spain
76 100% electric models and 77 plug-in hybrids are marketed. In the market, in 2020, 17,295 units of electric cars and 23,301 of plug-ins were sold.
While in 2010 only one electric model was manufactured in Spain, in 2020 that figure increased to 6 electric models and 5 plug-in hybrids, with a total of 139,957 units produced in Spain.
To make the map
with the forecast of charging point needs, we have started from the forecast of the share of electrified vehicles (cars and light commercial vehicles) in each province until 2030, the share of motorized population in each province and the share of GDP by provinces, to later apply a qualitative distribution by province based on three ratios: one point of more than 50 kW for every 100 pure electric vehicles; one of more than 150 kW per 1,000 pure electric vehicles and another more than 250 kW per 1,000 pure electric vehicles.
This analysis is also complemented by a study of the need for high-power infrastructure,
above 250 kW, in the main corridors of the State Highway Network.
urge to adopt a series of urgent regulatory measures. Among those of an institutional nature, both associations ask for the approval of binding objectives for the deployment of public charging infrastructure, scheduled by years and powers throughout the national territory. They also insist on the need for the national strategic interest to be recognized for projects to deploy high-power public recharging infrastructures, with more than 250kW, and for immediate actions to be taken to increase inter-city recharging points in the short term.