The Mexican Army, through the federal program “Sowing Life”, Contributes directly to the care and maintenance of the forest nurseries of the 32 entities of the country.
The Military Forest Nursery of the State of Hidalgo of the 18 / a. Military area, started on September 1, 2014; It has been operating for six years, nine months and is located in the municipality of Zimapán.
This considered among the three military incubators in the country, which has state-of-the-art agricultural technology, which allows knowing and managing the sowing heritage via satellite, helping producers to facilitate their work.
The forest nursery has gone through three stages of evolution, says the coordinator of the technical area, Christian Duran Moreno: “The first was in 2014, the nursery only had four species, later in 2020 the carp pine was included and in this year the production was changed, previously it was all forestry and now fruit trees have been added.
In the nursery they use environmentally-friendly biochemicals, says Second Cavalry Captain Hilario Martínez Hernández, Chief of the Zimapán Military Forest Nursery.
“The organic type based on beneficial bacteria or fungi that are found naturally in the environment are used for the first time, when this is not enough, it is necessary to use selective agrochemicals to the specific pest or disease”.
“Only those catalogs in the lowest toxicity scale identified with a green band, maximum blue on the advance label, are used, these have a very low level of environmental contamination and affect other insects or negative animals in the area. ”.
The nursery is made up of 41 day laborers, including 21 women and 24 men; on the part of the military personnel is: a nursery chief, a nursery assistant first sergeant, a driver assistant second sergeant, a gardener second sergeant, a blacksmith corporal and a gardener corporal.
The nursery’s working hours are from Monday to Saturday and they start from seven in the morning and end their activities at four in the afternoon.
The person in charge of coordinating the technical area of the nursery is the Engineer Christian Durán Moreno, who has six years of experience in forest nurseries, his function is to designate the corresponding tasks to perform sowing, transplanting and caring for plants, that will be delivered in optimal conditions to the Ministry of Welfare.
The production capacity of the forest nursery has two million 430 thousand plants in a forest tray and one hundred thousand plants in the traditional system (bag), said Captain Hilario Martínez Hernández.
Regarding how is the sowing and harvesting process, the military representative pointed out that a pregerminative treatment is carried out on the seed or twig, depending on the species.
This treatment includes disinfection and protection with fungicide, in the case of the stem, the rooting is added, direct sowing and germinating are carried out, later the seed that did not germinate is extracted and replaced.
They are extracted and treated with a rooting agent, amino acids and fungicide, to be placed in the cavity of the tray or in the bag, fertilizers and preventive pesticides are periodically applied to accelerate the production process and keep the plant healthy, until the moment it complies. with the parameters that ensure their survival after establishment in the field.
When the plant is ready to be delivered, in the case of those that are produced in trays, they are lost from it and packed in packages of 10 for the case of the bag, they are only extracted and loaded ”He concludes.
Of the eight people who are in the field, they generate 1,300 to 1,500 saplings per day.
The harvest obtained from fruit trees (stone pine, avocado, red plum, peach and fig) and timber or spices from the nursery are delivered directly to the “Sembrado Vida” program of the Ministry of Welfare.
They also made known in an interview with MILLENNIUMThe goal they have for this year is 600 thousand cold temperate plants and 704 thousand 912 agro-industrial and fruit plants to be delivered.
This program aims to eradicate migration, rural poverty and contribute to caring for the environment
The head of the nursery stressed: “The operation of this production center results in the creation of new direct and indirect jobs, reactivating the local economy, in the same way, it contributes to reforestation to repopulate desert lands and combat climate change.”
This is how the Mexican Army contributes to the sustainable development of the Environment, preventing the deterioration of the ecosystem and adding with these actions the quality of life of the Mexican population.
How does it work?
To belong to the Sembrando Vida program, You must be of legal age, live in rural localities, whose municipalities are at levels of social backwardness and who are owners or possessors of 2.5 hectares available to be worked on in an agroforestry project.
According to the federal government, in Sembrando Vida They work to turn ejidos and communities into a strategic sector for the development of the Mexican countryside, collaborating together to increase the productivity of rural areas.s, under a focus on sustainability and regional development in the short, medium and long term, which contributes to reducing the vulnerability in which the peasants of these regions live.
The program seeks to address two problems: rural poverty and environmental degradation. In this way, its objectives are to rescue the countryside, reactivate the local economy and regenerate the social fabric in the communities, for which it works in four components.
Last May, the President Andrés Manuel López Obrador defended the Sembrando Vida program, by ensuring that It contributes to the defense of the environment, but also to counteract the lack of water. “The best way for there to be water is to continue planting fruit and timber trees, which is why the importance of the Sembrando Vida program, no longer tearing down the jungle as was done a long time ago,” he said.
Later, he reported that Guatemala will replicate the Sowing Life and Youth Building the Future programs.
In order to This year, 28,929 million pesos were allocated to the program run by the Ministry of Welfare. In 2019, 15 billion pesos were allocated for its application in 19 states, almost five times more than the amount allocated to the National Forestry Commission (Conafor) for programs of management and conservation of forests and jungles. In the first year of execution, only 14 percent of the planned was planted, that is, 80 million plants from nurseries, out of the 575 million planned for 570 thousand hectares. Of what was planted, 50 percent would have survived.