Social safety nets reform, the cost issue bursts into the negotiation. Unions: “Plan to improve”
Everyone agrees on the principles but several doubts remain on the cost factor and implementation methods: the discussion continues on reform of social safety nets wanted by Minister Orlando and based on the principle of differentiated universalism, supported by both companies and trade unions. “How long does the state take and for how long, how much will the companies and individuals who today have no coverage have to pay? And the costs of workers?”. The Orlando minister for the first time put all the social partners involved around a table for a consultation of the draft: we are on the guidelines of the project: universal coverage and strengthening of all tools, but on costs and resources the debate is still open.
On this front, several voices have expressed perplexity. “If anyone claims that the reform of social safety nets it must be universal and therefore made with public finance, it is very wrong ”, said the Uil secretary Pierpaolo Bombardieri in an interview with Corriere della Sera, saccording to which instead “they are needed important resources and substantial investments. We still have to do our analyzes, but we are talking about something like five billion for the first year and then one billion a year ”.
And about who “has to pay”, the Uil secretary makes it clear: “There are some associations that are already thinking of dumping everything on the workers, perhaps postponing the renewal of the contract for years. But this cannot be reasoned, especially after everything that has happened in this year and a half reform of social safety nets affects everyone, workers and companies and everyone must contribute to restart the country, everyone must do their part, without thinking of passing the costs on to the workers ”.
The reform, the trade unionist commented, on the whole is “good because it covers all workers. It is a positive response to our requests. But together it is A major redevelopment plan must also be launched and professional training for all those workers who today take the Naspi, unemployment and other shock absorbers and who need to return to the world of work “,” it is necessary for a great restart of the country and is fundamental not only for the needs of workers but even for those of companies “.
In the same vein, also the general secretary of the CGIL Maurizio Landini who, after the discussion between the Minister of Labor Andrea Orlando and the social partners, declared: “It was still a meeting and it did not bring the significant steps forward that we would have expected”. The document is “a point of balance between very different positions” and for the CGIL “a basis on which to graft further corrections and improvements”. But, he warns, “the hesitations we have heard are not acceptable”.
For Landini the reform it must be of an insurance nature, overcoming the logic of emergency measures and finding also on the part of businesses, after a transitional phase, “gradual and adequate funding to support a system that must respond to a theme of social justice and to which everyone must contribute”. “It is not and must not be the workers – Landini’s reasoning – who pay the price of crises and transformations”.
According to the trade unionist “there is no way back from the minimum objective of the reform, to include all employees and to guarantee them universal services and above all to make an intervention that expands the protections to all workers, even the self-employed, who have been excluded, strengthening the measures for all, first and foremost cash ordinary and extraordinary and solidarity contracts, decisive to protect the work in the transformation “.
“The shock absorbers – argues the leader CGIL – must be the way to choose before opening procedures for staff reduction”. The CGIl appreciated the interventions on Naspi and Discoll and asked for measures to be strengthened as well. “The considerations that we proposed to the minister today therefore start from the assumption that, while having to build a sustainable reform for public finance, the reform of the shock absorbers can be further improved also through an intervention on the labor market to contrast precariousness and with choices of industrial policy that bet on the creation of quality work “.
“We wait, added Landini, the convocation promised for early September to enter into the merits of the overall discussion on active policies and on the enhancement of training, which must not only respond to today’s needs identified by companies, but must become a subjective right of workers and an instrument to combat inequalities. ”
“A partial discussion so far – he said – which will also have to recover the theme of the new skills fund, the completion of the strengthening of employment centers, the Gol measure and the more general issues that favor orientation to increase skills, intersection of demand and supply of work “. “Our goal – he concluded – is that in September, a reform system should be defined that responds to the need for equity and justice “.
And from the opposite front, he speaks Enrico Carraro, president of the Venetian industrialists. “AND who has to pay the layoffs in small businesses if not small businesses? ”, He asks and is answered instead in an interview with The print Enrico Carraro, who gives this opinion on Minister Orlando’s work package: “I am pleased that a table is convened in the middle of August, it is a sign that we understand the urgency. Broadening the safeguards is necessary. I understand the difficulties of small businesses in metabolizing the novelty, but I expect everyone to do their part and that everyone is a source of resources.
“But talking only about layoffs is limiting, you have to take care above all of those who don’t have a job. Or they will lose it in the transition phase”, even if – he adds Carraro – “we expect more from the government, also involving private training agencies. We need an epochal professional requalification operation on the issues at the center of the NRP ”.
According to Carraro, in fact, “companies are a vast and heterogeneous world. There are those who live on the glories of the past and struggle to grasp the changes taking place. And then there are the most dynamic and accustomed to working on international markets, who instead have a clear idea of what is happening and are ready to move in the right direction. We are the first to have an interest in training and intercepting new needs”, Concludes the president of the Venetian industrialists.