Revenue Women’s earnings development is still lagging behind men, research shows a big difference in income accumulation

In addition, the hurry experienced by women in their work in Finland is among the top in the EU.

Women and the income gap for men is still large. According to a research project funded by the Occupational Safety and Health Fund, men with a degree in science and technology earned up to € 90,000 more in eleven years of follow-up than women with similar degrees.

Finnish women are also in a hurry. In the comparison of Eurostat, the EU’s statistical office, Finland ranks at the top with Greece when looking at the hurry experienced by women at work.

Are careers fragmented? –in the project Income trends have been studied in women and men with degrees in science, technology, mathematics and forestry born in 1960, 1965, 1970 or 1975. As a result, the gender income gap widened to between € 7,000 and € 10,000 per age group.

A similar income gap was also observed when looking at the income development of men and women aged 30 and over who worked in industry at the age of 28-42.

“The main reasons for the resignation are women’s lower positions in the professional hierarchy, poorer career advancement, longer family leave and lower working hours than men,” lists the university lecturer who led the research project. Satu Ojala From the University of Tampere.

In addition, percentage increases in wages will deepen income disparities slightly over time. For forty men, property incomes have also more than doubled compared to women.

In the study the income comparison does not directly concern the pay gap but all the state taxable income of women and men, Ojala says.

“Labor income accounts for by far the largest share of all state tax revenue accumulation, but income data also include income transfers, such as family benefits.”

Ojala points out that, for example, differences in working hours and family leave can explain income differences, but not whether such large differences between the sexes are fair.

“Differences in earned income accumulate every year of life and lead to an ever-widening income gap over the life cycle, also affecting pensions.”

A significant reason for the gender income gap is placement in different jobs. In order to increase equality in working life, women are encouraged to train in technology.

“That is, women should apply more often to male-dominated, better-paid industries. When they do so, it is found that they will not be able to advance their careers any better. This study showed that the gender gap in male-dominated sectors and educational backgrounds is roughly the same as in other sectors. ”

The survey is based on Statistics Finland’s Folk register data, which contains information on the labor market status and income of all working-age people living in Finland since 1988.

Specially Finnish women also have a rush to work, says 2019 EU Labor Force Survey. While in the EU countries there is usually little difference between the sexes in the experience of hurry, in Finland the situation is different. 48 per cent of Finnish wage earners say they always or often work in a hurry, 34 per cent of men.

Of the 27 countries involved, female wage earners in Finland and Greece are in the most hurry. In Greece, however, the majority say they have avoided the rush completely, in Finland only five percent.

In Statistics Finland’s working conditions surveys, hurry has risen to record levels for women, says specialist researcher Hanna Sutela.

“The rush is detrimental, especially in the female-dominated public sector in social and health work. There is less rush in the male-dominated construction and industrial sectors. ”

Increased Work pressures are known in the Finnish Association of Local and Basic Nurses, Super, which receives a lot of contacts. In home care, the load is downright catastrophic, characterizes the expert Sari Ilonummi.

As an example, Ilonummi cites a recent call from a home care worker. This had three hours, or 180 minutes, for home visits, but more than 200 minutes had been marked on the customer list for customer visits.

“In addition, we still had to move from one customer to another. The worker had received antihypertensive medication and was on exhaustion leave. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Act, there should be no such strong work pressures. ”

Hurry up in the wake, mental symptoms and coping problems also increase, especially in women. According to the Working Conditions Survey, in 2018, half as many female employees and almost as many experienced fatigue and inactivity. Nearly a quarter experienced reluctance to leave for work.

Deep professional segregation underlies the different experiences of the sexes. However, in neighboring Sweden, segregation of working life is also strong, but the difference between women and men in experiencing haste is not as great as in Finland. Reasons for this can be found in, for example, work culture, work organization and the adequacy of resources.

Employee resilience is often promoted through various occupational well-being measures and by supporting healthy lifestyles. According to Sutela, they are important but not enough for longer if the problems are due to work organization and lack of resources.

“Then we should intervene in the structures and ensure that the framework and resources for the work, as well as the requirements, are in balance.”

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