A survey by the CNDL, SPC and Sebrae shows that the pandemic and remote work have changed urban commuting habits in the country
Residents of Brazilian capitals spend an average of two hours a day in traffic. Year-to-date, 21 days are spent exclusively behind the wheel or on public transport.
The data are from the 2022 Urban Mobility Survey carried out in partnership with the CNDL (National Confederation of Shopkeepers), the SPC (Credit Protection Service) and Sebrae. Here’s the intact of the study (1.7 MB).
In comparison with the survey carried out in 2017, however, there was a reduction of 28 minutes in the daily traffic journey.
In percentage numbers, the amount of time in transit among respondents in 2022 was:
- From 30 minutes to an hour: 28%;
- From one to two hours: 32%;
- More than hard hours: 29%.
For the president of the CNDL, José César da Costa, the pandemic contributed to a behavioral change in urban locomotion.
“The decrease in transit time, pointed out by the research, is a reflection of this, since many companies have started to use the hybrid model [de trabalho] even after the control of the pandemic,” said Costa.
The use of buses, subways and trains is preferable for the lowest cost for 48% of respondents. Another 31% mentioned the possibility of saving money, while 29% mentioned that it is the only means of transportation available. Ease of access (26%), agility (15%) and convenience (12%) were also mentioned.
The average wait time for driving is 23.7 minutes, with 40% of users waiting between 15 and 30 minutes to board.
In the evaluation of the quality of the service, the positive highlight was the service provided by the driver or changer, considered good or excellent by 44%. The main complaints are related to the fare value and safety, bad or very bad for 68% and 53% of passengers, respectively.
Other negative points cited by users were:
- Comfort (50%);
- Vehicle maintenance (46%);
- Punctuality (45%).
The prioritization of exclusive bus lanes and lanes is beneficial in the opinion of 69%, while 83% agreed with the closing of streets and avenues for the exclusive use of pedestrians and cyclists on Sundays.
MEANS OF TRANSPORT
The bus is the most used means of transport in Brazilian capitals in daily trips, with 50% of mentions. It is followed by the car (32%), on foot (22%), transport apps (16%), motorcycle and subway, both with 11%.
For those who travel on foot, street lighting is an important factor in the decision to choose this medium for 79%, with 70% saying they do not feel safe walking where they live.
Regarding the state of conservation of cycle lanes and cycle paths, 57% considered the structure of their city adequate, against 39% who considered it inappropriate.
The survey shows that transport apps have become popular in capital cities, with 6 out of 10 users reporting the use of these services or taxis. You apps had good or excellent evaluation, mainly for comfort (77%), travel time (72%), vehicle maintenance (71%), driver service (69%) and cleanliness (69%). The tariff value was criticized by 20%.
The possibility of maintaining the home office regime is approved by 68% of users who reported working at home for at least 3 days. 17% said they work this way.
For José César da Costa, despite the hybrid model favoring the “mobility and well-being of workers who can join”, this is not enough “as a solution for large cities, which still lack investment in public transport”.
The distance to get to the service, in fact, was a problem for 42% of respondents. Including commuting for leisure or other activities, 27% stopped going somewhere or walked for lack of money and 26% did not find a means of transport available at the time.
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