Six days after the popular consultation to ask citizens if they want the last five former presidents to be brought to trial of the Republic, the Special Prosecutor for Electoral Crimes of the Attorney General of the State of Hidalgo (PGJEH) reported that no complaint for electoral crime has been initiated.
The General Law on Electoral Crimes establishes that whoever proselytizes or objectively pressures voters during the popular consultation procedure on the day of the popular consultation day inside the polls or in the place where the voters are formed in order to guide the direction of his vote or for him to abstain from casting it, he will be fined with 50 to 100 days of the Measurement and Update Unit (UMA) and imprisonment from six months to three years.
Furthermore, whoever obstructs or interferes with the scrutiny and counting of the popular consultation, illegally introduces or subtracts from the polls one or more ballots used in the popular consultation or introduces false ballots; and whoever requests votes for pay, promise of money or other reward to cast their vote or refrain from casting it in the popular consultation or during the popular consultation procedure, the same penalty will be applied.
Sanctions for public servants
Meanwhile, the public servant who, during the popular consultation procedure, coerces, induces or threatens his subordinates to vote or refrain from voting for an option within the popular consultation will be fined from 200 to 400 days of UMA and prison to two to nine years.
The same penalty shall apply to anyone who conditions the provision of a public service, compliance with government programs, the granting of concessions, permits, licenses, authorizations, franchises, exemptions or the performance of public works, within the scope of their competence, to the issuance of the vote in favor of an option within the popular consultation.
What does the Popular Consultation intend?
Through the Popular Consultation, which will take place next Sunday, August 1, the population will be asked whether or not they want the former presidents of the Republic Carlos Salinas de Gortari, Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León, Vicente Fox Quesada, Felipe Calderón Hinojosa and Enrique Peña Nieto.
The question that will be asked of the citizens in the Popular Consultation is: Do you agree or not that the pertinent actions are carried out, in accordance with the constitutional and legal framework, to undertake a process of clarification of the political decisions taken in the years passed by political actors aimed at guaranteeing justice and the rights of potential victims?
This is how it seeks to bring former President Ernesto Zedillo to trial for Fobaproa, former President Carlos Salinas for the electoral fraud of 1988, former President Enrique Peña Nieto for the disappearance of the 43 Ayotzinapa students, former President Felipe Calderón for the narco-government and the former President Vicente Fox for Atenco.
For the consultation, the participation at the national level of 40 percent of the electoral roll is wanted, that is, 37 million votes as established by the National Electoral Institute (INE) while in Hidalgo 900 thousand votes are needed.
According to Mariana Zapata Romero, member of the National Committee for Popular Consultation # JudgmentSíImpunidadNo and responsible for the consultation in Querétaro, Michoacán and Hidalgo, the state has contemplated the installation of approximately 1,362 polling stations.
The Office of the Special Prosecutor for Electoral Crimes explained that the popular consultation is the mechanism of citizen participation by which the population exercises their right through voting to express their opinion on one or more issues of national importance.