Pedro Castillo, newly installed president of Peru, appointed part of his cabinet on Thursday (29). Castillo appointed as prime minister Guido Bellido, a 41-year-old engineer and novice in politics, considered a radical leftist and an admirer of the Cuban regime. The new head of Peruvian diplomacy will be Héctor Béjar, an 85-year-old sociologist who in the 1960s was one of the founders of the communist guerrilla group National Liberation Army (ELN).
Bellido is a member of the Marxist party Peru Livre, the same as the current president, and was not well known in political circles in the capital, Lima. He is one of 37 party deputies who were elected in the last elections and is considered close to the founder of Free Peru, Vladimir Cerrón, who was prevented from running in the presidential elections because he was convicted of corruption.
The congressman and now minister is being investigated for the second time in a case involving terrorism, this time for the alleged offense of terrorism and affiliation with a terrorist organization, the newspaper reported. la republic this Friday. The first investigation is supposed to support the actions of the terrorist group Sendero Luminoso.
According to the Peruvian newspaper, the National Police’s Counter-Terrorism Directorate sent the Public Ministry, in early July, a report that relates Bellido to the activities of the remaining Senderistas in the Peruvian area known as the VRAEM; the politician would have visited a camp of the Senderistas.
The appointments by Castillo’s cabinet, which has not yet announced who the ministers of economy and justice will be, have generated negative reactions and uncertainty in Peru. After the announcements, the Lima stock exchange fell 6% this Friday and the dollar surpassed for the first time in history the value of 4 new Peruvian suns. One of those listed for the Economy portfolio is the moderate Pedro Francke.
The non-governmental organization Associação Civil Transparência asked Pedro Castillo on Friday (30) to back down on the appointment of Guido Bellido as prime minister, due to “unacceptable” statements about Shining Path, as well as “homophobic and sexist” speech. .
The organization, which works as a political observatory and defense of democracy, expressed today, in a statement, “deep concern” with the decision to nominate Bellido.
“This decision causes tension and uncertainty at a time when consensus is required to meet the country’s urgent needs and conditions to democratically discuss the government’s proposals,” indicated the NGO in the note issued.
Bellido’s appointment, confirmed despite criticism, confirms that Castillo’s government will be made up of a traditional and “archaic” left, as Sandro Venturo, political analyst, told Agência Efe.
The Associação Civil Transparência also regretted that the ministerial cabinet is made up of only two women, so it demanded that the president-elect start to “adopt the necessary corrective measures”.
“In the same way, we call on the Congress of the Republic to act responsibly in the face of this situation. The two powers must carry out the well-being of the country and democratic governance, within the framework of the Constitution”, indicated the NGO.
Castillo’s new team is expected to ask in the coming days for a vote of confidence in Congress, where the center-right opposition has a majority.
“Our office belongs to the people and responds to the people,” Castillo told Twitter. “Our commitment is with Peru and with no other interest than to dedicate all our efforts to building a more just, free and dignified country. We will not disappoint your confidence.”
Peru’s new foreign minister, Héctor Béjar, is a lawyer and doctor in sociology. In 1962 he founded the National Liberation Army, a guerrilla group that, like its namesake in Colombia, was inspired by the Cuban revolution. The group was defeated by Peru’s armed forces a few years later.
Béjar was arrested in 1966 and spent five years in prison, before receiving a pardon from the government of General Juan Velasco Alvarado.
Since Bellido’s choice was announced, numerous groups have challenged the prime minister’s choice, including left-wing and liberal parliamentary benches, who have pointed out that the nomination will bring neither confidence nor consensus to Peru.
The Morado Party, which has former president Francisco Sagasti as one of its exponents, even demanded that Congress not approve the new cabinet, believing that the prime minister “is a person who does not believe in democracy, human rights and struggle against corruption and terrorism”.
Bellido, a 41-year-old electronics engineer, is close to Vladimir Cerrón, founder of Free Peru, who is serving a four-year sentence, in a sentence that is currently suspended, for crimes of corruption, covering his time as governor of Junín.
In addition, the new prime minister faces a preliminary investigation by the Peruvian Public Ministry for alleged apology for terrorism, based on a video in which he was reluctant to classify members of the Sendero Luminoso group as “terrorists”.