Former Uruguayan President José Pepe Mujica is one of the more than 140 signatories of a letter in which leftist intellectuals in the region speak out in rejection of the recent actions of the government of Daniel Ortega and Rosario Murillo. It was also signed by Lucía Topolansky, current senator and former first lady of Uruguay.
“It is difficult to know if Daniel Ortega got sick from power or is sick from maintaining power or both, but this – now and for practical purposes does not matter,” begins the letter that highlights that the Sandinista president “has been transformed in an autocratic and authoritarian president, allied until recently, to the great fortunes (Superior Council of Private Enterprise – Cosep- through) capable of mercilessly repressing its people together with whom it did not know, wanted or could, build quality of life or a democratic, transparent institutionality “.
The document accuses the Sandinista Front of have gone through a long process of deterioration “that registers episodes of corruption, abandonment of principles, illicit enrichment, maneuvers and accommodations together with the worst right wing, destined to amass fortunes and perpetuate themselves in power.”
Besides Mujica, the Mexican writer Elena Poniatowska added its signature to the political declaration signed by more than 140 leftist intellectuals and leaders in the region.
A mural in Managua by Rosario Murillo and Daniel Ortega. Reuters photo
Latin American intellectuals remind him its “enormous enrichment” When the 1990s arrived, the pacts with Arnoldo Alemán and the business community, the persecution of Sandinista veterans, the harassment of the poet Ernesto Cardenal, the violent response against protesters in April 2018 and the recent arrest of presidential candidates, and they made it clear that This does not correspond to the visions of freedom that were conquered with lives in the past Somoza dictatorship.
“Human rights are not a graceful concession by the States and their governments, they are conquests of the peoples. The States that recognize them and embody them in different legal instruments have the duty to promote and respect them,” the text says.
The signatories acknowledge that they cannot remain silent before the abuses committed by the Ortega-Murillo family in Nicaragua, despite these they promote themselves as socialists.
“It is not worthy or decent to defend them when for “political reasons” it suits us and shut up when not. Nor is it valid to “justify” their violation because others “violate them more”; nor the hypocrisy of politicians, parties and governments prone to see the straw in another’s eye and not the beam in their own. Once again with concern, with pain and with force, we sympathize with the victims and demand that the Nicaraguan government stop the persecution and repression, release the political prisoners and respect the rule of law, “the letter says.
They also warn “those who were silent yesterday, they should ask themselves how much their silence contributed –inadvertently- to the pride and impunity with which Ortega is leading a new satrapy and how much harm this silence does to the humanitarian conscience how much we need to contribute to a more just, free and fraternal world “.
In July 2018, Pepe Mujica had already spoken about what happened in Nicaragua.
“I feel that something that was a dream deviates, falls into autocracy, and I understand that those who were revolutionaries yesterday lost their meaning in life, there are times when you have to say, I’m leaving “, Mujica dojo on that occasion.
Many former allies of Daniel Ortega who shared his ideology have decided to turn their backs on him. The most recent position was taken by Mexico and Argentina, who finally expressed their concern about the repression in Nicaragua and asked the Sandinista president to resume a dialogue with the opposition and guarantee transparent elections and public freedoms in the country.
In response, Daniel Ortega’s son Juan Carlos Ortega Murillo accused Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador of “cowardice” this weekend.
In January 2019, the Socialist International expelled the Sandinista National Liberation Front from its ranks, denouncing serious human rights violations and making it clear that “socialism is incompatible with tyranny“.