Most international dictionaries (engineering) are defined as the application of science and mathematics that make the properties of matter and energy sources in nature beneficial to people. But with the development of science and technology in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, perhaps the time has come to renew this definition and the sources of knowledge related to engineering and its education.
The widespread general idea is that an outstanding student in scientific subjects is qualified to be an engineer. Relatively speaking, this perception may be correct, but not an absolute understanding, especially in the engineering requirements and needs of our time.
Through my reading on the development of education in the engineering field, we can transfer engineering education in the required directions in three main axes:
First: through reviews of engineering curricula and practical course structures, and secondly, through the implementation of alternative teaching methods and evaluation of their effectiveness, which includes the educational establishment of programs for developing faculty members and graduate students. And finally, enabling international professional engineering certificates in society and in employment policies, progression and institutional rewards.
Engineering education should not be restricted to solving specific and limited technical problems. Engineers must identify, measure and deal with challenges and data with a holistic, renewed thinking, to accommodate flexible, sustainable and more effective solutions than technical solutions.
For example, most of the challenges related to climate change can be solved by financing solutions or by institutional policies without resorting to engineering solutions that may cost huge sums and efforts.
Inclusiveness in engineering has become necessary in engineering education while maintaining specialization due to the intertwining of knowledge sources between science, technology and engineering.
One of the most recent ways to teach inclusiveness in engineering curricula is entrepreneurship and its applications, as the two fields share a central and vital point, which is finding a solution to a challenge or problem facing society today, and Thomas Edison may be the most famous example of combining engineering and entrepreneurship.
Also, when engineering colleges integrate entrepreneurship into their curricula, they provide their students with traits and attributes that help develop their engineering personality, such as quickly adapting to technological innovation.
Entrepreneurship has become a major research topic in engineering education in many engineering developed countries. For example, the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board (CEAB) urges and supports local universities to develop engineering students by providing free courses on entrepreneurship.
Finally .. The Society of Engineers in the Emirates has established a variety of comprehensive links, such as digital and professional engineering links that will help engineers in our present and future time to create an environment and mindset open to all disciplines to gain strength and sobriety to face engineering challenges.
Doctor at New York University Abu Dhabi