By Eduardo Simões
SAO PAULO (Reuters) – The negative assessment of the government of President Jair Bolsonaro remained on an upward trajectory and reached 54%, according to a survey by the Ipespe institute for XP Investimentos released on Tuesday, which also indicated that 58 % of respondents are against the printed vote, which is firmly defended by the president despite having been recently rejected in the House.
According to the survey, the percentage of those who consider the Bolsonaro government to be bad or terrible reached 54%, after remaining at 52% in the previous survey, a variation within the poll’s margin of error — 3.2 percentage points.
This is the sixth consecutive XP/Ipespe survey that shows an increase in the government’s negative assessment, albeit within the margin.
Those who consider the government to be good or excellent are 23%, against 25% in the previous survey, while those who consider the administration to be regular are 20%, against 21%.
In addition, disapproval of the way Bolsonaro manages the country remained at 63%, the same level as in the previous survey, while those who approve are 29%, compared to 31% in the previous survey.
The survey also asked about the implementation of voting through the electronic ballot box, which has been defended by Bolsonaro amidst the unproven allegations he constantly makes that the current electronic voting system is subject to fraud and false claims that the current model is not auditable.
According to the survey, 58% are against the printed vote, while the percentage of those in favor is 36% and those who do not know or did not respond add up to 7%. It was the first time that the XP/Ipespe survey asked about the printed vote, whose implementation was rejected in a vote by the Chamber of Deputies.
Regarding the various impeachment requests already made against Bolsonaro, the survey showed that 50% are in favor of the president’s impeachment, against 49% in the previous poll, and 46% are against, compared to 45%.
The poll also indicated the continued favoritism of former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) in next year’s presidential election.
In one of the simulations, the PT appears with 40%, Bolsonaro (no party) has 24%, Ciro Gomes (PDT) has 10%, former judge and former minister Sergio Moro (no party) has 9%, while former Health Minister Luiz Henrique Mandetta and Rio Grande do Sul Governor Eduardo Leite (PSDB) have 4% each.
In a second scenario, Lula appears with 37%, Bolsonaro comes in second with 28%, Ciro adds 11%, Mandetta, São Paulo governor João Doria (PSDB), and presenter José Luiz Datena (PSL) get 5 % each and the president of the Senate, Rodrigo Pacheco (DEM-MG), appears with 1%. Pacheco is coveted by the PSD to migrate to the party and dispute the Planalto Palace next year.
In an eventual runoff between Lula and Bolsonaro, according to XP/Ipespe, the former president has 51% of the voting intentions against 32% of the current occupant of the Planalto.
Runoff simulations also place Bolsonaro numerically behind Ciro (44% to 32%), Moro (36% to 30%), Doria (37% to 35%), Mandetta (38% to 34%), and Leite (35 % to 33%). In every run-off simulation in which he appears, the president is behind his rival.
Lula, on the contrary, appears ahead of his opponents in all the second round simulations in which he has his name: 49% to 34% against Moro, 49% to 31% against Ciro and 51% to 22% if the opponent is Leite .
The survey also pointed out that 61% of those interviewed would not vote for Bolsonaro at all, while 45% say the same about Lula. In addition, 23% say they will definitely vote for Bolsonaro, a percentage that is 38% in the case of Lula. Another 10% say they can vote for Bolsonaro and 17% say they can vote for Lula.
The XP/Ipespe survey polled 1,000 people by phone between Wednesday and Saturday. The survey’s margin of error is 3.2 percentage points.
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