NATO | HS went through the agreement between Turkey, Finland and Sweden, here is its main content

The document is written in a rather circular tone, which has led to it being interpreted in many different ways as early as Tuesday night.

Finland president Sauli Niinistö met with the Swedish prime minister on Tuesday Magdalena Anderssonin with the President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğanin. The Secretary General of NATO also attended the meeting Jens Stoltenberg.

At the end of the meeting, which lasted for almost four hours, the foreign ministers signed an “memorandum of understanding” between the countries, according to which “Turkey will support the invitation of Finland and Sweden to join NATO at this week’s Madrid summit”.

In this article, the HS goes through the Foreign Minister Pekka Haaviston (Green), Swedish Foreign Minister Ann Linden and the Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlun the main points of the signed document.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu and Swedish Foreign Minister Ann Linde will shake hands after signing the document. In the background, from left to right, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto (Green) and Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson.

Finland and Sweden “fully support” Turkey’s security concerns

Document Finland and Sweden give “full support” to Turkey over its security concerns.

This includes the fact that Finland and Sweden do not in any way support the Kurdish Battle Group in Syria, the YPG or the Gülenists, ie Fethullah Gülenin supporters accused by the Turkish government of attempting a coup in Turkey in 2016.

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Finland, as a state, does not currently support these organizations.

In the document, Finland and Sweden also confirm that they consider the PKK to be a terrorist organization. The countries also undertake, in cooperation with Turkey, to prevent the PKK from operating.

Both Finland and Sweden already consider the PKK to be a terrorist organization, as do other EU countries.

Extradition requests must be processed promptly

Finland and Sweden undertake to deal “expeditiously and thoroughly” with Turkey’s unresolved deportation and extradition requests concerning terrorist allegations.

Finland and Sweden will also take into account the “information, evidence and intelligence” provided by Turkey in this discussion.

Central to this point is the mention of Turkey’s ‘unresolved’ requests. President Niinistö is previously statedthat there are currently no unresolved extradition requests from Turkey in Finland.

No arms embargoes on Turkey

Finland and Sweden undertake in the document not to have arms embargoes with Turkey.

In practice Finland and Sweden do not currently have arms embargoes in Turkey. Only a political decision has been made in Finland not to issue new arms export licenses to Turkey, which is in line with the general policy of EU countries.

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Minister Antti Kaikkonen (middle) is previously statedthat arms export license applications are currently being processed on a case-by-case basis. The agreement states that becoming a member of NATO may affect this case-by-case assessment in both Finland and Sweden.

The sections of the document are circular

Like especially with regard to the sections on forced returns and arms embargoes demanded by Turkey, it can be seen that several entries in the document can be interpreted in many ways.

This was also acknowledged by President Niinistö at a press conference on Tuesday evening.

“The fact that that solution was found now was pretty much based on a certain kind of creativity. We then had to look at certain things, how they are written and how each of them wants to understand them, ”Niinistö described the document.

The majority of the text really only states how this is already the case.

Turkey already has different interpretations

Circularity the downside is that each signatory can interpret the passages in the document slightly the way they want.

Already on Tuesday evening, it was noticeable that the differences in perspective on the document between Finland and Turkey were considerable.

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President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğanin According to the Chancellor’s press release, Finland and Sweden have, among other things, undertaken to change their national legislation and practices related to the fight against terrorism and the defense industry.

Erdoğan also goes a long way in interpreting Finland’s and Sweden’s commitment not to support the Gülenists.

A statement from the Turkish administration states that, according to Erdoğan, the document officially defines the Gülenists as a terrorist organization.

President Niinistö, for his part, stated at a press conference on Tuesday that attitudes towards Gülenists would not change in any way.

Concrete steps concern cooperation between countries

In the document In addition to general statements, some concrete measures have been recorded for future co-operation between Finland, Sweden and Turkey.

According to the document, the countries intend to set up some kind of cooperation mechanism that will allow them to intensify their cooperation in the fight against terrorism and the prevention of organized crime.

The co-operation would involve officials from the countries’ Ministries of Foreign Affairs, the Interior and Justice, as well as intelligence services.

This cooperation would be welcomed by other NATO countries if they so wished and could be extended by joint decision to cover all kinds of cross-country concerns.

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