Accordingly, the Taliban movement will be present in the first international meeting since it took control of Afghanistan nearly three months ago, in a move that is said to be an expression of Russia’s own concerns and calculations about Afghanistan.
The representative of the Russian president did not directly name the Taliban, but rather declared it equivocally, “Members of the ruling group in Afghanistan will be asked to attend the Moscow talks,” and this is the second international meeting called by Russia on the situation in Afghanistan.
Russia had held a meeting last March, months before the Taliban took control of Afghanistan, and the Taliban called for it at the time.
At the Russian level, the hoped-for meeting comes at a time when Russia’s concerns are exacerbating about the possibility of an expansion of chaos and armed conflict between the Taliban movement and extremist organizations inside Afghanistan, where violence has increased over the past two weeks.
These developments raise Russia’s fears of the possibility of extremists turning Afghanistan into a base for them, and infiltrating from it to Russia and its allied republics on the borders of Afghanistan.
Russia had conducted military exercises with Tajikistan for that matter, and called on many countries surrounding Afghanistan to devote a mechanism for security and political cooperation for Afghanistan.
Controversy of recognition
As for the Taliban movement, it meets with an international response regarding the international recognition of the legitimacy of its rule over Afghanistan. Its request to participate in the recent meetings of the United Nations was rejected, and various international economic, development and security institutions refuse to officially recognize it.
In the meantime, the United Nations organizations confirm cooperation with the movement only as a matter of “fait accompli”, the circumstance that aggravates the health, educational and economic conditions inside Afghanistan.
Neither the United States nor any of the European countries specified a definitive position regarding the possibility of their participation in the Moscow conference or not, nor did they specify their position on the participation of the Taliban in it, which is something that writer and researcher Humbar Salim attributed to a difference in priorities in Afghanistan, between these global powers. on one side, and Russia on the other.
The researcher continued, “The Russian strategy believes that an imminent security threat comes from Afghanistan at the present time, and that it will increase with the passage of time. Therefore, a bargain with the Taliban, based on an exchange of conditional recognition of full cooperation in the military security file, can fully satisfy those fears.”
Speaking to Sky News Arabia, Salim added, “At this time, the United States and European countries want a political commitment and commitment from the Taliban movement with a number of determinants related to women’s rights, public freedoms, human rights, and the shape of the political game in Afghanistan.”
And he added, “This commitment alone may give it a kind of recognition and regional legitimacy. This condition cannot be achieved by the Moscow conference, or even put it on the agenda, because it is not a Russian priority, and it may push the Taliban movement not to participate from another party.”
China, in turn, did not announce any final position on the Moscow conference, when a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman was asked about it. This is something that observers attributed to the in-depth bilateral consultations that China is engaged in with Pakistan, in order to coordinate positions between the two countries regarding the mechanism of future dealings with the Taliban and its rule of Afghanistan. The two countries follow the most positive policy with the Taliban in the entire regional environment of Afghanistan.