Since the Paleolithic, when our ancestors migrated from Africa, the history of humanity has been the history of migrations. An eternal movement of comings and goings, like a tide of patterns in which centuries of the rise and fall of entire civilizations are summarized.
Migration as a sociocultural phenomenon is a complex fact, both for the countries of departure and for the recipients. Roughly it is a process that helps to invigorate the economy, that revitalizes the workforce of the host place, increases consumption and the payment of taxes, but it can also involve complexities of public spending, cultural contrast and social inadequacy.
Mexico knows about immigrating and emigrating, it has been both and it is also a country of passage. Together with the United States, it continues to be the protagonist of one of the most dynamic episodes of the flow of people in recent centuries.
The researcher Jorge Durand explains about this: it was the arrival of the railroad in Ciudad Juárez in 1884, in what was called the Paso del Norte, which exposed the importation of Mexican labor and sealed an implicit alliance between both countries that, later It would break with the first major deportations that the northern neighbor made from 1921 and would follow a controversial course in different stages until the proposals of the “wall” that Trump proclaimed as a nationalist flag and that we all, sadly, still have in mind.
Still, the reality is that an analysis by JP Morgan indicates that if the United States stops its migration process altogether, its annual economic growth would slow by an estimated at least 0.3%.
But this is only one of the edges in an intricate flow of movements that occur globally. More than 280 million people are migrants according to UN figures, we speak of these numbers that contain multiple realities and trigger stories.
It is very different to speak of migration from the singularity. Ideally it is the metaphor of the explorer, of the dissatisfied person who goes in search of opportunities and discoveries beyond the horizon, but a good part of that figure speaks of forced migrations by war, violence and social and economic instability and, now, also of the climate crisis . It is different when you see your land burn, when you leave others behind and live with the hope of reunion.
The Ulysses syndrome is spoken of to define the psychological disorders that a migrant may have as a result of the onslaught of his exodus process. It is one thing to tell the story of the hero than to live it tied to a pole, resisting the song of the sirens; Or should I say crossing the Rio Grande, swimming from Venezuela to Curaçao, jumping a wall in Melilla to leave Africa behind.
When I see these images and listen to the stories close to me, when I tell my own story, when nostalgia gains ground, I remember the words of the poet Rainer Maria Rilke who emphasized that the true homeland is childhood. The reality is that we are all potential migrants.
Ida Vanesa Medina P.