The health authorities of Guinea, located in West Africa, confirmed last Monday (9), a case of Marburg virus disease, which belongs to the same family of the virus that causes Ebola.
The country is monitoring 155 people who may have had contact with a confirmed case of illness.
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The virus worries the World Health Organization (WHO). “The potential for the Marburg virus to spread far and wide means we need to stop it,” said Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, WHO regional director for Africa, in a statement.
Moeti added: “We are working with health authorities to implement a rapid response that builds on Guinea’s previous experience and expertise in managing Ebola, which is conveyed in a similar way.”
In Africa, previous outbreaks and sporadic cases have been reported in Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, South Africa and Uganda.
Learn more about the virus below:
What is the origin of Marburg?
According to WHO, the Marburg is transmitted to people by bats.
How is the virus transmitted?
the virus spreads between humans through direct contact with bodily fluids from infected people, surfaces and materials.
What are the symptoms?
The onset of the disease is abrupt, with high fever, severe headache and malaise. Many patients develop severe bleeding signs within seven days.
Is it possible to die from the disease?
Lethality rates ranged from 24% to 88% in previous outbreaks, depending on the virus strain and case management.
Although there are no vaccines or antiviral treatments approved to treat the virus, there are a number of potential treatments, including blood products, immunotherapy and drug therapies, that are being evaluated.
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