While traveling with the car, and especially in summer, a series of elementary and essential precautions should be taken to
minimize the risk of a mishap. In addition to those usually remembered, such as putting on a seat belt or respecting the road signs, it is worth emphasizing the necessary respect for the safety distance. In Spain there are 15,500 kilometers of motorways and expressways (10% of the national road network), which support more than half (55%) of the national road traffic, according to the
Ministry of development.
Both have similar characteristics in construction, rules that govern them, authorized vehicles and way of circulating. These are the interurban roads with the highest maximum permitted speed limit (120 km / h), a determining factor in the accident rate, according to the
General direction of traffic (DGT). On these roads is
slower vehicles are prohibited (mopeds, animal traction, people with reduced mobility …) and pedestrians. The only exception are cyclists, who are prohibited from entering the highways but can use the highways when there is no other alternative route.
The high speed also determines the way to circulate in them. “The safety distance is essential when driving on highways and highways. The increase in the average speed of traffic with respect to the city and other interurban roads makes it essential for the driver to change the ‘chip’ and lengthen the safety space between vehicles ”, explains Juan Ignacio Serena, head of the Driver Training area of the DGT.
Similarly, high speeds require caution when driving. Thus, it is essential to comply with the
rule of driving in the lane furthest to the right and use the rest to overtake, in order to avoid dangerous situations of risk. And concentration and observation to anticipate compromising situations, whether in overtaking, incorporation or exits.
Likewise, the exits and entrances are two fundamental maneuvers to adapt the speed when entering or leaving them without causing annoyance to those already circulating inside. On motorways and highways, maneuvers that can cause great danger to traffic are completely prohibited: direction changes, reversing, stopping and parking should only be carried out in the places authorized for it.
Finally, according to the DGT, it is important to remember that in the event of an emergency that requires driving at an abnormally reduced speed, that is, less than 60 km / h, the driver must leave the highway through the next exit. But if the car says ‘enough’ and there is no choice but to immobilize it, it is mandatory to signal its presence with the emergency light and a triangle from behind 50 meters away, visible from 100 meters, and no passenger should travel on the road .