Various disciplines will debut at the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games, including karate, a artea martial originating in the Ryūky Islands, in Japan. And it has more than 500 years that it has been practiced by countless people around the world.
Commonly, karate is confused with taekwondo because both are contact sports consisting of punching and kicking; however, the martial art has several differences from its South Korean counterpart.
Differences between Karate and Taekwondo
One of the main differences when it comes to being practiced karate does not have protective breastplates like taekwondo. Also, in the scoring system the old Japanese discipline of equal points when hitting and kicking.
Karate, like taekwondo, it is practiced basically with the feet and the hands. It consists of the use of punches, blocks, kicks and blows with the open hand.
There are various techniques that can be followed, both for physical preparation and combat, are approximately 37 ways.
JUNTAI TAISO: Warm-up and fitness methods including joint rotation
HOJO UNDO: Bone strengthening and desensitization methods
KOTE KITAE: Specific physical conditioning exercises, body hardening and / or desensitization performed in pairs
KATA KITAE: Use of some forms to verify the correct use of breathing, tension-relaxation and body alignment
UKE WAZA: Blocking techniques by intercepting / receiving the striking limb
HARAITE: Techniques for checking, deflecting or controlling the opponent’s limb (s) while hitting him.
DACHI: Base positions, and use of these from the symbolic, towards the physical and mental, or for defense, attack or counterattack
ATEMI WAZA: Hitting techniques at vulnerable point
ASHI SABAKI: Tactics or movements, seeking to advance, retreat, dodge, feints and feints
CHINKUCHI: Total body connection
GAMAKU: Tendon cancellation, a principle that transfers the greatest power to the blows, allows the target to be pierced and passed.
KIME: Emotional intention that together with the conditioned body connection, allows to deposit the power of the blow to the target
NAGE WAZA: Throwing and takedown techniques
GARI: Mowing or sweeping techniques, and imbalances initially taken from kung-fu. However, karate has developed its own techniques of sweeping, projection and throwing before the different types of kicks.
KUZUSHI WAZA: Techniques of physical and mental imbalance of the opponent.
MA-AI: Technical-tactical and psychological management of long, medium and short distances
TAI SABAKI: Body movement tactics in joint body dodge.
RITZU: Tactics based on the rhythm of the movements in attack, defense or counterattack.
NAGARE KOMI: Flow and continuity tactics of technical actions in combination.
FUMI WAZA: Crushing techniques whether of joints, or bones.
KERI WAZA: Foot striking techniques
IBUKI WAZA: Techniques and breathing patterns according to their duration; they are performed with and without apnea.
UKEMI WAZA: Falling techniques, avoiding hitting the opponent, allowing combat from the ground
RENRAKU WAZA: Combinations, preset techniques, continuous to vulnerable points, executed according to the exposed surfaces
RENZOKU WAZA: They are characterized by being a succession of “free” movements adapted according to the bio-mechanical reaction of the adversary
KYUSHO WAZA: Techniques for controlling the opponent by pressure, friction or angular striking to vital points
KAKIE: segments or wrapping hands that illustrate the principles of close-range combat
TAMASHIWARI WAZA: Materials breaking techniques
TOBI WAZA: Jump hitting techniques.
SHIME WAZA: Strangulation techniques (just a few).
KANSETSU WAZA: Joint luxation techniques
KATAME WAZA: Immobilization techniques
BUNKAI: It is one more stage of understanding that allows to reach greater freedom in non-sports free combat, or at close range
HIN-TI : Concept related to the ancient way of teaching karate, that is, by oral transmission of a kata, to a disciple or in small groups
KOPPO WAZA: Treatment techniques for joint injuries, through massage, body manipulation and joint unlocking.
KUATSU WAZA: Techniques of corporal resuscitation, by means of corporal manipulation
NE WAZA: combat techniques from the ground, includes the use of falls, guards, movements, blocks, and counterattacks by catching, kicking, striking, sweeping and dislocating the opponent’s lower limbs