Amnesty International Italia, Human Rights Watch and Dignity, in collaboration with the two Egyptian NGOs Committee for Justice and the Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms, they got together to present a series of recommendations to the international community and to the Egyptian national authorities for an end to human rights violations in Egypt.
And the eyes of public, national and international attention are focused precisely on Egypt today: the first hearing in which the four Egyptian soldiers accused of the kidnapping, torture and murder of Giulio Regeni, the Italian researcher killed in Cairo in February 2016. For the first time, in Europe, a system of government and power at the center of very violent complaints for the lack of protection of human rights will be tried.
According to Amnesty’s report “It will only end when you die”, the work of the Egyptian National Security Agency (NSA), which deals with cases of threats to national security, dissemination of false news, subversion, incitement to illegal demonstration and propaganda for terrorism, led to the establishment of a “Terror system” which seeks to silence all those involved in defending human rights.
The report collects the testimonies of 26 activists and activists who between 2020 and 2021 suffered threats, illicit summons, violent and inhuman interrogations, as well as disproportionate precautionary measures by the Supreme Prosecutor for State Security. Egyptian authorities abuse their powers, denying human rights and fundamental freedoms in a climate of impunity almost total. Added to this is the complete impossibility of accessing legal remedies aimed at opposing arbitrary measures and requesting forms of compensation, thus leaving the victims without justice, violating the obligations of respect for human rights assumed by Egypt before the international community.
According to the Dignity report, “Torture in Egypt systemic and systematic”, drawn up in cooperation with Egyptian NGOs, the Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (Ecfr) and the Committee for Justice (CFJ), the use of torture in Egypt not only constitutes a systematic practice but it is a practice made possible by systemic connections and elements of continuity within the various institutional contexts.
“The systematic use of torture in Egypt pushes us to define the direct responsibility of a large number of representatives of the Egyptian penal system,” said Giorgio Caracciolo, head of the Mena region for Dignity. “It is necessary that the search for criminal responsibility does not stop only with those who torture it or order it, but also include those who make it possible”.
Human Rights Watch’s “Security Forces Dealt with Them: Suspicious Killings and Extrajudicial Executions by Egyptian Security Forces” report reveals that Egyptian security forces commit extrajudicial executions of suspects wanted for terrorism during gunfights. Between January 2015 and December 2020 alone, the Egyptian Interior Ministry announced the deaths of at least 755 people in 143 shootings allegedly caused by the victims themselves, which would have opened fire forcing the security forces to respond.