The poor condition of the power lines in the municipality of Torreón, that in the western sector are more than 80 years old, and in the center and part of the third frame around 60, causes the 47 percent of the water that is extracted is wasted. Raymundo Rodríguez de la Torre, technical manager of the Municipal Water and Sanitation System (Simas) Torreón, points out that of what is extracted only 53 percent is delivered.
The Healthy Water project for La Laguna, seeks to supply the population of the Lagunera region with healthy surface water, complying with the official Mexican drinking water standards and covers 9 municipalities of two entities: Durango (Gómez Palacio, Lerdo, Mapimí and Tlahualilo) and Coahuila (Francisco I. Madero, Matamoros, San Pedro, Torreón and Viesca).
The National Water Commission (Conagua), projects that the water treatment plant for the lagoon dams will require 200 million cubic meters of water per year, however, before the work operates, it will have to increase the efficiency of the water utilities to at least 80 percent.
In what corresponds to the municipality of Keep, points out that if at this time the Healthy Water project for La Laguna began in the Torreón Operator Body, 47 percent of the total water that is distributed would be thrown away.
“Before the Healthy Water project is ready, what the Operating Organizations of La Laguna must do (and it has been said) is to be already prepared with the necessary interconnections to seize the aqueduct on its way, with the necessary tanks to be able to fill and with the primary and secondary distribution and conduction networks already restored, in order to guarantee the total supply of water. If they give us water the way the system is now, surely we will have the same losses that we have with wells as a source of supply, “he said.
Currently the System has a loss of 47 percent of water that is extracted by the conditions in which the power lines are found and the physical efficiency is 53 percent, that is, of the water extracted versus the water billed.
“Of every 100 liters that we extract, we invoice 53 percent and the rest is lost in the following way: 30 percent physical losses, the remaining administrative, that is, it does not have measurement, it has a double intake or the Water. We have to fix the house first and then receive the water that they are going to bring us ”.
In the municipality of Torreón it has around 2,000 kilometers of pipes of different diameters of drinking water and around 450 kilometers they are the ones that have to be changed now, this would imply a economic outlay of 250 to 300 million pesos.
Colonies and areas most affected; resource must be federal or state
The most affected areas are a part of the west of the city such as the colonias Primero de Mayo, Rinconada la Unión, R. Mijares, a part of San Joaquín and the third Square of the City from 13th street to Diagonal Reforma and from Independence to Revolution boulevard.
Noted that the resource for the change of the lines of conduction, can come from the state or the federation Since with Simas’s own resources, day-to-day operation and maintenance is paid, such as salaries, electricity rates, as well as replacement and maintenance of damaged lines.
He assured that they are in coordination with Conagua and those involved in the project to learn about the progress of the Healthy Water for the Lagoon project.
Rural Simas must change 50 percent of the lines
Simón Ramírez Hernández technical manager of the Intermunicipal Water and Sanitation System in Matamoros and Viesca, points out that although they are at the stage of analysis of the pipelines, there is an estimate that around the 50 percent of the pipes must be changed before the Healthy Water Project begins operations.
He also reported that the National Water Commission (CNA), requested two hectares to place two storage tanks that will be where the liquid is distributed by gravity; one of them was requested outside where the Rural simas in the Fraccionamiento Ana in the municipality of Torreón, where one hectare will be allocated to it, and the other for the Mieleras Shooting Range.
“What the Healthy Water program wants is that it also avoids paying electricity for the operation of the wells or for pumping. The water comes from Hill of the Cross through a line it will reach us ”, he affirmed.
The Simas Rural serves around 88 neighborhoods and 47 subdivisions, what are they around 38,832 users and 155,052 inhabitants.
What is the Healthy Water for La Laguna project?
As advertised Conagua in order to ensure quality water for the families of the Lagunera Region, and thereby reduce risks to the health of the population of the municipalities of Lerdo, Gómez Palacio, Tlahualilo and Mapimí, in Durango, as well as Torreón, Matamoros, Francisco I. Madero, Viesca and San Pedro, in Coahuila, in coordination with the three levels of government and the support of the private initiative, developed the project Healthy Water for La Laguna.
The project intends to suspend the extraction of 160 wells that currently supply the population of the region and contribute to the recovery of the Main aquifer-Lagunera Region, whose level drops between two and three meters per year.
In addition, the ecological flow of the protected natural area will be increased. Fernández Canyon. The project covers 9 municipalities of two entities: Durango (Gómez Palacio, Lerdo, Mapimí and Tlahualilo) and Coahuila (Francisco I. Madero, Matamoros, San Pedro, Torreón and Viesca). What at this time, 5.5 kilometers of 12 “line must be replaced with an approximate cost 8 million 101 thousand 500, and the current material of the lines is asbestos cement to pvc.
What is a distribution network?
According to CNA, a distribution network is the set of pipes, accessories and structures that conduct water from service or distribution tanks to household intakes or public hydrants. Its purpose is to provide water to users for domestic, public, commercial, industrial consumption and for extraordinary conditions such as extinguishing fires.
The network must provide this service all the time, in sufficient quantity, with the required quality and at an adequate pressure. The water quality limits, so that it can be considered as potable, are established in the Official Mexican Standard NOM-127-SSA1 in force.
- A distribution network is made up of pipes, special parts (grouped in cruisers), valves of various types, fire and public hydrants (in small towns), regulation tanks, pump-ups and complementary accessories that allow their operation and maintenance.
- The pipeline should maintain the quality of the water without adding flavors, odors, or chemicals to the transported water. Additionally, the joint system and the pipeline must avoid the infiltration of contaminating substances that could be found in specific areas.