It is a serious and life-threatening condition in which abnormal amounts of fluid start accumulating inside the tissues or skin surrounding the lungs, heart, or stomach of the fetus and the newborn. This problem usually arises due to some other health condition that affects the way the body controls the fluid.
One out of a thousand children has a hydrops fetalis. If the child of a pregnant woman has hydropsis fetalis, the doctor may have an early delivery. The infants suffering from this condition require other treatment to bleed and remove excess fluid.
Despite treatment, more than half of the children with hydrops fetalis die before or after delivery.
Symptoms of hydrops fetalis
A pregnant woman may experience the following symptoms:
- Becoming more amniotic fluid
- Heavy or abnormally large placenta
- The spleen, heart, or liver of the fetus may also be enlarged and in ultrasound, fluid can be seen around the heart or lungs.
These types of symptoms are seen in an infant born with hydrops fetalis:
- pale skin
- Severe swelling, especially on the stomach
- Liver and spleen enlargement
- Trouble breathing
- Severe jaundice
Types of hydrops fetalis
There are two types of this: Immune Hydropyse Fatalis and second non-Immune Hydropelis Fatalis. The mother’s Rh negative blood type in the immune system produces antibodies to the baby’s Rh positive blood cells. At the same time, non-immunity affects the body’s ability to control fluids.
Treatment of hydrops fetalis
Hydropous fetalis cannot usually be treated during pregnancy. In some cases, doctors offer blood to the baby to keep the baby alive until delivery. This process is called intrauterine femoral blood transfusion.
In most cases delivery is required as soon as possible to keep the baby alive. Medications start labor or a caesarean operation is performed.
Treatment for the infant after delivery:
A lot of fluid is injected from the place around the lungs, heart or abdomen.
Breathing is assisted with the help of a ventilator.
Medications prevent heart failure.
The drugs help the kidneys to remove more fluids.
Red blood cells are plated directly to the baby according to its blood type for immune hydrops. If the hydrops fetalis is caused by some other underlying cause, then the infant is treated accordingly, as antibiotics are useful in treating syphilis infection.
The mother of an infant suffering from this disease is at greater risk of mirror syndrome. This can lead to a fatal condition of high blood pressure or seizures. Mirror syndrome requires immediate delivery.