Artificial intelligence has conquered everyday life – and will shape people’s lives even more in the future. The EU Commission explains which basic rules are planned for this.
Brussels – Critics have long warned against the influence of artificial intelligence on human life. There is no question that there must be basic rules for this. Now the EU Commission has proposed a plan for the use of artificial intelligence (AI) with which the continent should act as a pioneer in the future.
Brussels therefore does not want to stand in the way of technological innovation. However: The legislature must intervene as soon as “the security and fundamental rights of EU citizens are at stake”, said Commission Vice-President Margrethe Vestager, who is responsible for digital in Brussels. In particular, the points of mass surveillance and behavior control form the core of the agreement.
Artificial intelligence: EU plans strict rules – “social scoring” should be banned
Systems for social evaluation (“social scoring”) of people based on their behavior or personality are cited as a negative example. The Commission believes that AI tools that could be used for this purpose should be banned. According to the plans, other applications should be subject to strict conditions, for example when it comes to road traffic, the search for personnel for companies or lending to private individuals.
On the other hand, the EU Commission * sees useful areas of application for artificial intelligence in the judicial system or administration. The examination of evidence in court or the control of identification documents could be automated, although strict rules must also be applied here.
The point of “remote biometric identification” of people through facial or voice recognition also plays an important role. “Their real-time use in publicly accessible rooms for law enforcement purposes is fundamentally prohibited,” explains the authority. However, there should be exceptions to this:
- for searching for missing persons
- to ward off specific dangers (e.g. terrorist attacks) and only by order of a judge
Artificial intelligence: EU plans legal framework that does not prevent technological innovations
A number of other applications of artificial intelligence should be subject to less strict requirements: For example, when using chat bots in customer service, it should be clear to the user that he is communicating with a machine. For all other applications – the “vast majority of AI systems” according to the Commission – no requirements should apply that go beyond the usual rules for product safety. And what about the military application of AI? These regulations do not cover the planned basic rules of the European Commission.
The USA and China have so far been regarded as pioneers in artificial intelligence. The EU Commission therefore wants to create a clear legal framework for the use of AI, which should, however, also allow enough leeway for innovations. Meanwhile, Elon Musk plans to implement brain chips in humans later this year. A test with monkeys was successful *. (PF with AFP) * Merkur.de is an offer from IPPEN.MEDIA.
List of rubric lists: © Nir Alon / imago-images
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