“The challenge, for us, was in devise a fragment of city, capable of mediating between the consolidated urban fabric and the banks of the Río de la Plata, harmonizing with the historical landmarks present on the site “, say Mairon Saavedra and Mauricio Fariña, students of the ABV workshop at FADU UBA.
The richness of the process was in an analysis where the objective and the subjectivities of the urban space were combined to develop a sensitivity towards the identity of the place. Dams, sheds and an old chimney they are witnesses of the first agitated industrialization, whose migratory movements shaped our identity.
Studying the lines of the façade of the Immigrant Hotel, we created an elevated plaza, in relation to the top of its basement. This makes it possible to appreciate it from a new perspective and maximizes public spaces for residents and visitors. We limited the total height to preserve the panoramic view of the Immigration Museum.
The residential complex is developed in the surroundings of the Hotel de los Inmigrantes, in the North Dock.
Prefabricated elements with local materials make up the totality of the buildings. On the ground floor they present programs for community use, as a continuity of the city. Inside the dikes we create recreational spaces that allow greater proximity to the water, generating another possible rapprochement between the urban and the natural.
We understood that the Immigrant Hotel It was, for many, the threshold where their life in Argentina began. We wanted to create an urban fabric capable of being the threshold between the city and the vastness of the Río de la Plata, preserving the link between the historic building and the horizon that gave it place.
By limiting the total height of the buildings, the panoramic view of the Immigration Museum is preserved.
Mauricio and Mairon’s work was carried out during 2020 virtually, which entailed an extra challenge to the objectives of the subject.
The main objective during the Architecture 4 course in the AVB Workshop is the articulation of complex programs integrating and composing a new urban fragment that dialogues with the pre-existing fabric, the society that inhabits it and the nature that sustains it.
Prefabricated elements with local materials such as brick make up the entirety of the buildings.
For the development of the course the chosen place was Retiro, more precisely North Dock. There it was proposed to generate a new fabric, where a group of houses had to be integrated.
The exercise was divided into three stages. The territorial scale (with the students of “Proyecto Urbano”), the collective scale (I study in detail the transition between urban space, that of common use and private) and the domestic scale (where we reflect on the daily living of our intimate environment taking into account the Social context, culture and spatial quality).
Common circulations articulate the different housing blocks.
At the AVB Workshop we are interested delve into the design exercise having understood the territorial scale of architecture, the pre-existing built heritage, as well as the geographical conditions that determine it.
All this promoting the preservation and use of the natural environment where we are immersed, local materials and constructive forms rooted in our culture.
The work presented addresses all these complexities, generating a new dialogue between city, river and history.
Local materials make up the entire building
Mairon Saavedra (25 years old) and Mauricio Fariña (26 years old) grew up “on site”. “I grew up watching my relatives build their houses, without plans, sometimes with happy results, sometimes not so much; see them trace the walls on the bare earth with lime It marked me deeply. I chose this profession to learn to make those lines ”, shares Mairon.
Arrived in Buenos Aires from Concepción, Corrientes, Mauricio’s father dedicated himself to construction. Thus, his son was able to see the work. He loved it.
The two met in the context of this project last year. Now they participate in contests together and wait for the moment to back to FADU to meet.
Meanwhile, Mauricio works at Iberá Construcciones, the company that his father founded, and teaches BIM-based programs.
Mairon participated in the design and execution process of some houses. He also enjoys reading, carpentry, and playing the guitar. “This year we formed Atelier Mixto, a open creative space, with the focus on projecting and designing through collective processes ”, he says.
And he is excited about the possibility of “a revolution ”in construction techniques: “New forms for the challenges of tomorrow”. “I would love to be able to 3D print a building made of raw earth. A material from the past, sustainable, combined with the latest technology ”.
Students. Mauricio Fariña and Mairon Saavedra Matter. Architecture 4 Chair. AVB Workshop (FADU UBA) Headline. Arch. Alejandro Vaca Bononato Adjunct Prof. Arch. Sofia Han JTP. Arch. Santiago Lorenzo Assistant. Arch. Francisco Tamargo