Heroin has not known lockdown, at least in these first six months of the year. In fact, at least 68 heroin overdose deaths have been ascertained in our country. These are not official figures from the Ministry of the Interior but the data from Geoverdose, the only Italian portal that updates daily on drug victims in our country.
Geoverdose is a geographic information system (GIS), interfaced with a website, capable of displaying deaths from overdose and other acute fatal events (or at risk of death) related to drug and alcohol use on a map of Italy , using the geographic coordinates normally used by satellite geolocation systems. A project related to Neverdose, an experimental app designed with the aim of offering protection to drug addicts and avoiding the worst ‘risk’ of taking hard drugs alone.
The portal offers an accurate analysis of drug deaths (or drug / alcohol mix), indicating a breakdown by territory, age, causes, specific circumstances, nationality and more.
Leading the sad (partial) ranking is Veneto with 14 confirmed overdoses followed by Tuscany (8) and Campania (7). Five dead in Lombardy and Lazio.
A few months ago the World Drug Report 2020, which assessed the development trend of the world drug market over the past decade, and specifically highlighted the impact of Covid-19 on the drug market.
In 2009 it was estimated that there were 210 million drug addicts, equal to 4.8% of the world population aged 15 to 64, and in 2018 that there were 269 million, or 5.3% of the population.
Over the past two decades, drug abuse in developing countries has grown much faster than in developed ones. To some extent, this reflects the difference in overall population growth during this period, 7% in developed countries and 28% in developing countries, but also highlights the rapid growth of the young population in developing countries. .
Teenagers and young adults account for the largest percentage of drug addicts. During the period 2000-2018, the population of this age group in developing countries increased by 16%, while the population of this age group decreased by 10% in developed countries.
Covid-19 could lead to further expansion of the drug market. The pandemic can cause more farmers and peasants to increase or engage in illegal cultivation of crops, both because of the reduced control capabilities of national authorities, and because more people could, albeit at risk, to engage in illegal activities during the economic crisis.
The restrictions linked to the pandemic have led to a reduction in air and land traffic and consequently maritime traffic has increased. The risk of interception at sea is low and the number of smuggling is higher than that of air or land. It has recently been reported that cocaine shipments are being shipped directly from South America to Europe by sea.