Sometimes there is no cause for nasal discharge. This is when we speak of vasomotor or idiopathic or congenital rhinitis, which is not usually associated with congestion.
Frost and indoor air heating increase nasal congestion, sneezing, and nasal itching in many.
But how do you know that the symptoms are due to dryness of the mucous membranes and not, for example, a coronary infection?
“At the moment, you can give guidance that if you are wondering if a symptom could be caused by a corona,” you should go for the test, says Hus’s chief physician, ear, nose and throat specialist, and allergology specialist. Maija Hytönen.
The symptoms of rhinitis alone, i.e. nasal congestion, mucus secretion, itching or sneezing, do not yet indicate coronary infection. “On the other hand, covid-19 can also be completely asymptomatic, so without a test you can’t be sure,” he notes.
“If, in addition to a runny nose, there is a fever, cough, muscle aches, fatigue, headache, diarrhea or changes in the sense of smell and taste, or if you know you have been exposed to the coronavirus, then of course to the test,” says Hytönen.
Nasal scaling and congestion are usually associated with the cold seasons and home heating. However, according to Hytönen, there is little research evidence on the connection between heating and nasal congestion.
Even in a survey conducted by the Husin Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic, seasonal variation did not appear to have a significant effect on patients ’nasal symptoms. However, Hytönen points out that the patients in the clinic often already used nasal moisturizers.
“I use moisturizing myself in winter, I don’t need it in summer,” Hytönen adds.
Nasal congestion is not in itself dangerous for an adult and therefore nasal symptoms are often underestimated. However, this should not be done, as they can cause a surprisingly high inconvenience. “My night’s sleep can get worse. Breathing air cleaning does not work properly. The sense of smell and taste work worse if the nose is stuffy, ”says Hytönen.
Nasal scarring and blockage can be relieved with a nasal spray or drops available from your pharmacist. The nose can also be flushed with a nasal jug.
If wetting does not help, Hytönen advises to visit a doctor.
In the past, nasal polyps and sinus infections were treated according to Hytönen largely by surgery, but today they are primarily treated with drugs.
Mildly symptomatic sinusitis has been shown to be cured with cortisone spray and nasal hydration. If the inflammation is prolonged or is accompanied by wet secretions and bacteria, an antibiotic is also added to the treatment.
Hytönen talks about ten new information about nose and runny nose that may surprise you:
1. The nose feels stuffy in the mornings. During sleep, the human fluid circulation deteriorates and fluid accumulates in the edematous tissues of the nose, making the nose feel stuffy in the morning. For the most part, however, the effects are so mild that they ignore it. Normally, the blockage disappears in about a quarter of an hour or a few times after mowing. If the symptom is very bothersome, you should visit a doctor.
2. One nostril clogged. Sometimes a patient arrives at the reception who has noticed that the other nostril is blocked at night. The reason is usually that he is sleeping on his side and his lower nostril is clogged. The exact cause of the phenomenon is not known, perhaps it is simply a matter of gravity. If the second nasal cavity is constantly blocked, the nasal septum may be oblique. Then a suitable treatment can be sought for the ailment.
3. One and a half hour cycle. Clogging of the right and left nasal passages can also vary because almost every one of us has a so-called nasal cycle. This means that the swelling of the mucous membranes varies: Sometimes the right side is more stuffy, sometimes the left.
The cycle lasts about an hour and a half. The exact cause is not known, but the phenomenon is thought to be related to the cleansing of the nasal mucosa and the fight against viruses and bacteria. The important function of the nose is to clean the air we breathe.
Cluttered side carrying the cilia lining of the mucous membrane more effectively adhered without any impurities, for example, viruses from the rear part of the nose, while the other half is responsible for inhaling. Gradually, the contaminants travel to the pharynx and stomach, where they are destroyed by the body’s defense systems.
4. Oral inhalation. People breathe 10,000 to 20,000 liters of air a day. Air is inhaled through the nose mostly at rest or in a calm motion.
Sometimes your doctor will be asked if it is normal to breathe through your mouth while running or exercising. Often these questioners are specifically young people in good shape. Oral breathing under exercise is indeed quite normal and part of the matter.
5. Too loose nose feels stuffy. The nose is like the tip of an iceberg. The nasal cavity, measured from the tip of the nose, is seven centimeters long and is not a straight channel of two tubes, but has shells, or bone protrusions, inside. Thanks to them, the air flow is turbulent, ie the air circulates in the nose and the contaminants adhere well to the mucosa.
The nasal cavity may have structural abnormalities, for example the septum may be oblique. Polyps, i.e., mucosal bulges filled with tissue fluid, may have grown in the cavity. Congestion may also be caused by swelling of the mucous membranes caused by the flu or allergies.
Until twenty years ago, it was thought that congestion could be treated with surgery. It was thought that the looser the nasal cavity is cut, the more freely a person breathes.
It has since been found that if the nasal cavity is made too loose by surgery, the breathing air will no longer normally circulate in the nasal cavity and a person will experience it as a feeling of congestion. In fact, the nasal cavity is then too loose.
6. Congenital rhinitis. Sometimes there is no cause for nasal discharge. This is when we speak of vasomotor or idiopathic or congenital rhinitis, which is not usually associated with congestion. Instead, the nose leaks watery mucus. The symptom increases with age and is triggered by, for example, temperature fluctuations or heavily flavored food. Vasomotor rhinitis can be treated with medication prescribed by a doctor.
7. When runny nose symptoms are persistent. Symptoms of allergic rhinitis can go away in an hour or two if the exposure time is short. This is the case, for example, if a person allergic to a horse has only visited stables. In year-round allergies, such as cat sensitization, symptoms are usually persistent. The cause of the runny nose can be determined by allergy tests. There are several good treatments for allergies today.
8. Hormones affect mucous membranes. In menopause and with age anyway, the mucous membranes often dry out in the nose and mouth. If the mucous membranes of the nose are dry, the nose may feel clogged even if the mucous membranes are not swollen. Pregnancy, in turn, causes swelling. During late pregnancy, prolonged sinusitis sometimes occurs as a result of edema.
9. Sneezing may be due to allergies. During these times, the sensitive may sneeze because lint or dust comes off the fabric masks after washing. Sneezing is not dangerous to the person himself, but it may be to the environment. Even a healthy person has bacteria and viruses in their nose – other than the coronavirus – that they can spread around when they sneeze.
However, annoying, repeated sneezing is not normal, so the cause should be determined at a doctor’s office. The cause may be, for example, an allergy.
10. Menthol does not open a stuffy nose. Cough pastilles are sometimes advertised as the menthol or eucalyptus they contain would open a stuffy nose. They don’t really do that – instead, they activate the sensory nerves of the nose in a way that a person perceives as if the nose is opening. In reality, however, nothing is happening.